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BITSAT 2015 Syllabus

December 18th, 2014 No comments

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admissions Test 2015 Syllabus – BITSAT 2015 Syllabus 

BITSAT 2015 SyllabusBITSAT 2015 Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Program in BITS Pilani, BITS Goa and BITS Hyderabad Campus and searching for BITSAT 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the BITS Authorities has Published BITSAT 2015 Syllabus. Students who are Preparing to Crack BITSAT 2015 Entrance Test and Aspires to check BITSAT 2015 Syllabus can check BITSAT 2015 Syllabus.

BITSAT 2015 Syllabus Includes BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus, BITSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus, BITSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus, BITSAT 2015 English & Reasoning Syllabus and BITSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus.

BITSAT 2015 Syllabus :

BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Physics   BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  

BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry   BITSAT 2015 Syllabus

BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for English and Reasoning  BITSAT 2015 Syllabus

BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics  BITSAT 2015 Syllabus

BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Biology  BITSAT 2015 Syllabus

For More Updates on : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus and Entrance Test

BITSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus

December 18th, 2014 No comments

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admissions Test 2015 Biology Syllabus – BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Biology 

BITSAT 2015 Biology SyllabusBITSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Program in BITS Pilani, BITS Goa and BITS Hyderabad Campus and searching for BITSAT 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the BITS Authorities has Published BITSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus. Students who are Preparing to Crack BITSAT 2015 Entrance Test and Aspires to check BITSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus can check BITSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus.

BITS : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus :- 

Click here to check : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  

BITSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus Topics and Sub Topics : 

1: Diversity in Living World

  • 1.1 Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind
  • 1.2 What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.
  • 1.3 Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system);
  • 1.4 Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms);
  • 1.5 Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.

2: Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function

  • 2.1 Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes,Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome andCentriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.
  • 2.2 Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.
  • 2.3 Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis.
  • 2.4 Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.
  • 2.5 Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.

3: Genetics and Evolution

  • 3.1 Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles;
  • 3.2 Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.
  • 3.3 DNA –its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation;
  • 3.4 Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.
  • 3.5 Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism.

4: Structure and Function – Plants

  • 4.1 Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem (including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;
  • 4.2 Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement.
  • 4.3 Mineral nutrition – Macro- and micro-nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism.
  • 4.4 Photosynthesis – Light reaction, cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; various pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors.
  • 4.5 Respiration – Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations.

5: Structure and Function – Animals

  • 5.1 Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases.
  • 5.2 Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.
  • 5.3 Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function
  • 5.4 Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.
  • 5.5 Control and co-ordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.

6: Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants

  • 6.1 Asexual methods of reproduction;
  • 6.2 Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and elminth).
  • 6.3 Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement;
  • 6.4 Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo- periodism; Vernalisation;
  • 6.5 Various types of movements.

7: Reproduction and Development in Humans

  • 7.1 Male and female reproductive systems;
  • 7.2 Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation;
  • 7.3 Embryo development;
  • 7.4 Pregnancy and parturition;
  • 7.5 Birth control and contraception.

8: Ecology and Environment

  • 8.1 Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche.
  • 8.2 Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web;
  • 8.3 Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.
  • 8.4 Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.
  • 8.5 Biodiversity and Environmental Issues – Meaning, types and conservation strategies (Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries), Air and Water Pollution (sources and major pollutants); Global warming and Climate change; Ozone depletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of species (Hot Spots).

9: Biology and Human Welfare

  • 9.1 Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and elminthes, and their control.
  • 9.2 Cancer; AIDS.
  • 9.3 Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse;
  • 9.4 Basic concepts of immunology.
  • 9.5 Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement.

10: Biotechnology and its Applications

  • 10.1 Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;
  • 10.2 Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation.
  • 10.3 Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants
  • 10.4 Applications of R-DNA technology in human health –Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy.
  • 10.5 Applications in Industry and Agriculture – Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to scale up bioprocesses, GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicide-resistance and pest-resistance including Bt crops.

Source : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Biology

For More Updates on : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus and Entrance Test 

BITSAT 2015 English and Reasoning Syllabus

December 18th, 2014 No comments

BITSAT 2015 English Proficiency Syllabus  - BITSAT 2015 Logical Reasoning Syllabus

BITSAT 2015 English and Reasoning Syllabus BITSAT 2015 English and Reasoning Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Program in BITS Pilani, BITS Goa and BITS Hyderabad Campus and searching for BITSAT 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the BITS Authorities has Published BITSAT 2015 English and Reasoning Syllabus. Students who are Preparing to Crack BITSAT 2015 Entrance Test and Aspires to check BITSAT 2015 English and Reasoning Syllabus can check BITSAT 2015 English and Reasoning Syllabus.

BITS : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus :- 

Click here to check : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  

BITSAT 2015 English and Reasoning Syllabus Topics and Sub Topics : 

(a) BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for English Proficiency : 

This test is designed to assess the test takers general proficiency in the use of English language as a means of self-expression in real life situations and specifically to test the test takers knowledge of basic grammar, their vocabulary, their ability to read fast and comprehend, and also their ability to apply the elements of effective writing.

1. Grammar

  • 1.1 Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction, Relative pronouns
  • 1.2 Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives
  • 1.3 Voice, Transformation
  • 1.4 Question tags, Phrasal verbs

2. Vocabulary

  • 2.1 Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters,
  • Homophones, Spelling
  • 2.2 Contextual meaning.
  • 2.3 Analogy

3. Reading Comprehension

  • 3.1 Content/ideas
  • 3.2 Vocabulary
  • 3.3 Referents
  • 3.4 Idioms/Phrases
  • 3.5 Reconstruction (rewording)

4. Composition

  • 4.1 Rearrangement
  • 4.2 Paragraph Unity
  • 4.3 Linkers/Connectives

(b) BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Logical Reasoning :

The test is given to the candidates to judge their power of reasoning spread in verbal and nonverbal areas. The candidates should be able to think logically so that they perceive the data accurately, understand the relationships correctly, figure out the missing numbers or words, and to apply rules to new and different contexts. These indicators are measured through performance on such tasks as detecting missing links, following directions, classifying words, establishing sequences, and completing analogies.

5. Verbal Reasoning

  • 5.1 Analogy : Analogy means correspondence. In the questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided.
  • 5.2 Classification : Classification means to assort the items of a given group on the basis of certain common quality they possess and then spot the odd option out.
  • 5.3 Series Completion : Here series of numbers or letters are given and one is asked to either complete the series or find out the wrong part in the series.
  • 5.4 Logical Deduction – Reading Passage : Here a brief passage is given and based on the passage the candidate is required to identify the correct or incorrect logical conclusions.
  • 5.5 Chart Logic : Here a chart or a table is given that is partially filled in and asks to complete it in accordance with the information given either in the chart / table or in the question.

6. Nonverbal Reasoning

  • 6.1 Pattern Perception : Here a certain pattern is given and generally a quarter is left blank. The candidate is required to identify the correct quarter from the given four alternatives.
  • 6.2 Figure Formation and Analysis : The candidate is required to analyze and form a figure from various given parts.
  • 6.3 Paper Cutting : It involves the analysis of a pattern that is formed when a folded piece of paper is cut into a definite design.
  • 6.4 Figure Matrix : In this more than one set of figures is given in the form of a matrix, all of them following the same rule. The candidate is required to follow the rule and identify the missing figure.
  • 6.5 Rule Detection : Here a particular rule is given and it is required to select from the given sets of figures, a set of figures, which obeys the rule and forms the correct series.

Source : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for English and Reasoning 

For More Updates on : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus and Entrance Test 

BITSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

December 18th, 2014 No comments

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admissions Test 2015 Mathematics Syllabus – BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics 

BITSAT 2015 Mathematics SyllabusBITSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Program in BITS Pilani, BITS Goa and BITS Hyderabad Campus and searching for BITSAT 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the BITS Authorities has Published BITSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus. Students who are Preparing to CrackBITSAT 2015 Entrace Test and Aspires to check BITSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus can check BITSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus.

BITS : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus :- 

Click here to check : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  

BITSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus Topics and Sub Topics : 

1. Algebra

  • 1.1 Complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, roots of complex numbers, geometric interpretations; Fundamental theorem of algebra.
  • 1.2 Theory of Quadratic equations, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions, relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, equations reducible to quadratic equations.
  • 1.3 Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, arithmetico-geometric series, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.
  • 1.4 Logarithms and their properties.
  • 1.5 Exponential series.
  • 1.6 Permutations and combinations, Permutations as an arrangement and combination as selection, simple applications.
  • 1.7 Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients, Pascal’s triangle
  • 1.8 Matrices and determinants of order two or three, properties and evaluation of determinants, addition and multiplication of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrices, Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables, elementary row and column operations of matrices,
  • 1.9 Sets, Relations and Functions, algebra of sets applications, equivalence relations, mappings, one-one, into and onto mappings, composition of mappings, binary operation, inverse of function, functions of real variables like polynomial, modulus, signum and greatest integer.
  • 1.10 Mathematical Induction
  • 1.11 Linear Inequalities, solution of linear inequalities in one and two variables.

2. Trigonometry

  • 2.1 Measurement of angles in radians and degrees, positive and negative angles, trigonometric ratios,functions and identities.
  • 2.2 Solution of trigonometric equations.
  • 2.3 Properties of triangles and solutions of triangles
  • 2.4 Inverse trigonometric functions
  • 2.5 Heights and distances

3. Two-dimensional Coordinate Geometry

  • 3.1 Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin.
  • 3.2 Straight lines and pair of straight lines: Equation of straight lines in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrent lines.
  • 3.3 Circles and family of circles : Equation of circle in various form, equation of tangent, normal & chords, parametric equations of a circle , intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of circle through point of intersection of two circles, conditions for two intersecting circles to be orthogonal.
  • 3.4 Conic sections : parabola, ellipse and hyperbola their eccentricity, directrices & foci, parametric forms, equations of tangent & normal, conditions for y=mx+c to be a tangent and point of tangency.

4. Three dimensional Coordinate Geometry

  • 4.1 Co-ordinate axes and co-ordinate planes, distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space and skew lines.
  • 4.2 Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given, shortest distance between two lines.
  • 4.3 Equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane, condition for coplanarity of three lines, angles between two planes, angle between a line and a plane.

5. Differential calculus

  • 5.1 Domain and range of a real valued function, Limits and Continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiability.
  • 5.2 Derivative of different types of functions (polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, implicit functions), derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule.
  • 5.3 Geometric interpretation of derivative, Tangents and Normals.
  • 5.4 Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of a function.
  • 5.5 Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem and Intermediate Value Theorem.

6. Integral calculus

  • 6.1 Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions.
  • 6.2 Methods of integration: Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, and integration by trigonometric identities.
  • 6.3 Definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus, applications in finding areas under simple curves.
  • 6.4 Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas of regions bounded by simple curves.

7. Ordinary Differential Equations

  • 7.1 Order and degree of a differential equation, formulation of a differential equation whole general solution is given, variables separable method.
  • 7.2 Solution of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree
  • 7.3 Linear first order differential equations

8. Probability

  • 8.1 Various terminology in probability, axiomatic and other approaches of probability, addition and multiplication rules of probability.
  • 8.2 Conditional probability, total probability and Baye’s theorem
  • 8.3 Independent events
  • 8.4 Discrete random variables and distributions with mean and variance.

9. Vectors

  • 9.1 Direction ratio/cosines of vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.
  • 9.2 Dot and cross products of two vectors, projection of a vector on a line.
  • 9.3 Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.

10. Statistics

  • 10.1 Measures of dispersion
  • 10.2 Measures of skewness and Central Tendency, Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances

11.Linear Programming

  • 11.1 Various terminology and formulation of linear Programming
  • 11.2 Solution of linear Programming using graphical method, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (upto three nonitrivial constraints)

Source : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics 

For More Updates on : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus and Entrance Test 

BITSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

December 18th, 2014 No comments

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admissions Test 2015 Chemistry Syllabus – BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry 

BITSAT 2015 Chemistry SyllabusBITSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Program in BITS Pilani, BITS Goa and BITS Hyderabad Campus and searching for BITSAT 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the BITS Authorities has Published BITSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus. Students who are Preparing to Crack BITSAT 2015 Entrace Test and Aspires to check BITSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus can check BITSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus.

BITS : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus :- 

Click here to check : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  BITSAT 2015 Syllabus  

BITSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus Topics and Sub Topics : 

1. States of Matter

  • 1.1 Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
  • 1.2 Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Daltons atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
  • 1.3 Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points
  • Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, Kinetic theory – Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
  • 1.4 Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
  • 1.5 Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond & graphite, metals. Voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids – qualitative description. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators, and n- and p- type semiconductors.

2. Atomic Structure

  • 2.1 Introduction: Radioactivity, Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Thompsons model and its limitations, Rutherfords picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model and its limitations.
  • 2.2 Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum number.
  • 2.3 Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hunds rule.
  • 2.4 Periodicity: Brief history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy, atomic, and ionic radii, inter gas radii, electron affinity, electro negativity and valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.

3. Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure

  • 3.1 Valence electrons, Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic bonds and polar character of covalent bond, bond parameters
  • 3.2 Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
  • 3.3 Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s, p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species (qualitative idea only).
  • 3.4 Metallic Bond: Qualitative description.
  • 3.5 Intermolecular Forces: Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.

4. Thermodynamics

  • 4.1 Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
  • 4.2 First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and specific heats, measurements of ∆U and ∆H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hesss Law, Enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, solution and dilution
  • 4.3 Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and non-spontaneity, non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change and chemical equilibrium
  • 4.4 Third Law: Introduction

5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria

  • 5.1 Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
  • 5.2 Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoults law, Relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass; solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass, vant Hoff factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action
  • 5.3 Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas), Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
  • 5.4 Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Factors affecting equilibrium, Le-Chateliers principle.
  • 5.5 Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization of Water; ionization of polybasic acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson equation, Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
  • 5.6 Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance ofDG and DG0 in Chemical Equilibria.

6. Electrochemistry

  • 6.1 Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; dry cells, Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
  • 6.2 Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; variations of conductivity with concentration , Kolhrauschs Law and its application, Electrolysis, Faradays laws of electrolysis; Coulometer; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al, Cl2 & F2.

7. Chemical Kinetics

  • 7.1 Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half life for zero and first order reactions.
  • 7.2 Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Concentration of the reactants, catalyst; size of particles, Temperature dependence of rate constant concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment); Activation energy; Catalysis, Surface catalysis, enzymes, zeolites; Factors affecting rate of collisions between molecules.
  • 7.3 Mechanism of Reaction: Elementary reactions; Complex reactions; Reactions involving two/three steps only.
  • 7.4 Surface Chemistry : Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gasses on solids; catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis, colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multi molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulations; emulsions – types of emulsions.

8. Hydrogen and s-block elements

  • 8.1 Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, ionic, covalent, interstitialhydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, reaction, structure & use, Hydrogen as a fuel.
  • 8.2 s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal relationships; trends in the variation of properties (ionization energy, atomic & ionic radii).
  • 8.3 Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water and liquid ammonia; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
  • 8.4 Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with O2, H2O, H2 and halogens; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Biological importance of Ca and Mg; Preparation, properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4; Lime and limestone, cement.

9. p- d- and f-block elements

  • 9.1 General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration, oxidation states; anomalous properties of first element of each group.
  • 9.2 Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides. Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;
  • 9.3 Group 14 elements: Carbon: carbon catenation, physical & chemical properties, uses, allotropes (graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Silica, silicates, silicone, silicon tetrachloride, Zeolites, and their uses
  • 9.4 Group 15 elements: Dinitrogen; Preparation, reactivity and uses of nitrogen; Industrial and biological nitrogen fixation; Compound of nitrogen; Ammonia: Habers process, properties and reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and their structures; Properties and Ostwalds process of nitric acid production; Fertilizers – NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus; Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids (elementary idea only) and halides of phosphorus, phosphine.
  • 9.5 Group 16 elements: Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur; Preparation/production properties and uses of sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid; Structure and properties of oxides, oxoacids (structures only), hydrides and halides of sulphur.
  • 9.6 Group 17 and group 18 elements: Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids of halogens (structures only); preparation, properties & uses of chlorine & HCl; Inter halogen compounds; Bleaching Powder; Uses of Group 18 elements, Preparation, structure and reactions of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.
  • 9.7 d-Block elements: General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic character; Oxidation state; ionization enthalpy; Ionic radii; Color; Catalytic properties; Magnetic properties; Interstitial compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and mercury; Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of CuSO4, K2Cr2O7, KMnO4, Mercury halides; Silver nitrate and silver halides; Photography.
  • 9.8 f-Block elements: Lanthanoids and actinoids; Oxidation states and chemical reactivity of lanthanoids compounds; Lanthanide contraction and its consequences, Comparison of actinoids and lanthanoids.
  • 9.9 Coordination Compounds: Coordination number; Ligands; Werners coordination theory; IUPAC nomenclature; Application and importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems e.g. chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and hemoglobin); Bonding: Valence-bond approach, Crystal field theory (qualitative); Stability constants; Shapes, color and magnetic properties; Isomerism including stereoisomerisms; Organometallic compounds.

10. Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons

  • 10.1 Classification: General Introduction, classification based on functional groups, trivial and IUPAC nomenclature. Methods of purification: qualitative and quantitative,
  • 10.2 Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive, resonance effects, and hyperconjugation; free radicals; carbocations, carbanions, nucleophiles and electrophiles; types of organic reactions, free radial halogenations.
  • 10.3 Alkanes and cycloalkanes: Structural isomerism, general properties and chemical reactions, free redical helogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • 10.4 Alkenes and alkynes: General methods of preparation and reactions, physical properties, electrophilic and free radical additions, acidic character of alkynes and (1,2 and 1,4) addition to dienes.
  • 10.5 Aromatic hydrocarbons: Sources; properties; isomerism; resonance delocalization; aromaticity; polynuclear hydrocarbons; IUPAC nomenclature; mechanism of electrophilic substitution reaction, directive influence and effect of substituents on reactivity; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
  • 10.6 Haloalkanes and haloarenes: Physical properties, nomenclature, optical rotation, chemical reactions and mechanism of substitution reaction. Uses and environmental effects; di, tri, tetrachloromethanes, iodoform, freon and DDT.
  • 10.7 Petroleum: Composition and refining, uses of petrochemicals.

11. Stereochemistry

  • 11.1 Introduction: Chiral molecules; optical activity; polarimetry; R,S and D,L configurations; Fischer projections; enantiomerism; racemates; diastereomerism and meso structures.
  • 11.2 Conformations: Ethane conformations; Newman and Sawhorse projections.
  • 11.3 Geometrical isomerism in alkenes

12. Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen

  • 12.1 General: Nomenclature, electronic structure, important methods of preparation, identification, important reactions, physical and chemical properties, uses of alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, nitro compounds, amines, diazonium salts, cyanides and isocyanides.
  • 12.2 Specific: Reactivity of a-hydrogen in carbonyl compounds, effect of substituents on alpha-carbon on acid strength, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives, mechanism of nucleophilic addition and dehydration, basic character of amines, methods of preparation, and their separation, importance of diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry.

13. Biological , Industrial and Environmental chemistry

  • 13.1 The Cell: Concept of cell and energy cycle.
  • 13.2 Carbohydrates: Classification; Monosaccharides; Structures of pentoses and hexoses; Anomeric carbon; Mutarotation; Simple chemical reactions of glucose, Disaccharides: reducing and non-reducing sugars – sucrose, maltose and lactose; Polysaccharides: elementary idea of structures of starch, cellulose and glycogen.
  • 13.3 Proteins: Amino acids; Peptide bond; Polypeptides; Primary structure of proteins; Simple idea of secondary , tertiary and quarternary structures of proteins; Denaturation of proteins and enzymes.
  • 13.4 Nucleic Acids: Types of nucleic acids; Primary building blocks of nucleic acids (chemical composition of DNA & RNA); Primary structure of DNA and its double helix; Replication; Transcription and protein synthesis; Genetic code.
  • 13.5 Vitamins: Classification, structure, functions in biosystems; Hormones
  • 13.6 Polymers: Classification of polymers; General methods of polymerization; Molecular mass of polymers; Biopolymers and biodegradable polymers; methods of polymerization (free radical, cationic and anionic addition polymerizations); Copolymerization: Natural rubber; Vulcanization of rubber; Synthetic rubbers. Condensation polymers.
  • 13.7 Pollution: Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; Chemical reactions in atmosphere; Smog; Major atmospheric pollutants; Acid rain; Ozone and its reactions; Depletion of ozone layer and its effects; Industrial air pollution; Green house effect and global warming; Green Chemistry, study for control of environmental pollution.
  • 13.8 Chemicals in medicine, health-care and food: Analgesics, Tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, anti-microbials, anti-fertility drugs, antihistamines, antibiotics, antacids; Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, antioxidants, soaps and detergents.

14. Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry

  • 14.1 Volumetric Analysis: Principles; Standard solutions of sodium carbonate and oxalic acid; Acid-base titrations; Redox reactions involving KI, H2SO4, Na2SO3, Na2S2O3 and H2S; Potassium permanganate in acidic, basic and neutral media; Titrations of oxalic acid, ferrous ammonium sulphate with KMnO4, K2 Cr2O7/Na2S2O3, Cu(II)/Na2S2O3.
  • 14.2 Qualitative analysis of Inorganic Salts: Principles in the determination of the cations Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Mn2+, Al3+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, Fe3+, Ni2+ and the anions CO32-, S2-, SO42-, SO32-, NO2-, NO3-, Cl-, Br-, I-, PO43-, CH3COO-, C2O42-.
  • 14.3 Physical Chemistry Experiments: preparation and crystallization of alum, copper sulphate. Benzoic acid ferrous sulphate, double salt of alum and ferrous sulphate, potassium ferric sulphate; Temperature vs. solubility; Study of pH charges by common ion effect in case of weak acids and weak bases; pH measurements of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solutions of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator; Lyophilic and lyophobic sols; Dialysis; Role of emulsifying agents in emulsification. Equilibrium studies involving ferric and thiocyanate ions (ii) [Co(H2O)6]2+ and chloride ions; Enthalpy determination for strong acid vs. strong base neutralization reaction (ii) hydrogen bonding interaction between acetone and chloroform; Rates of the reaction between (i) sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid, (ii) potassium iodate and sodium sulphite (iii) iodide vs. hydrogen peroxide, concentration and temperature effects in these reactions.
  • 14.4 Purification Methods: Filtration, crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography. Principles of melting point and boiling point determination; principles of paper chromatographic separation – Rf values.
  • 14.5 Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds: Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorous and halogens; Detection of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in foodstuff; Detection of alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic, amino groups and unsaturation.
  • 14.6 Quantitative Analysis of Organic Compounds: Basic principles for the quantitative estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogen, sulphur and phosphorous; Molecular mass determination by silver salt and chloroplatinate salt methods; Calculations of empirical and molecular formulae.
  • 14.7 Principles of Organic Chemistry Experiments: Preparation of iodoform, acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, di-benzayl acetone, aniline yellow, beta-naphthol; Preparation of acetylene and study of its acidic character.
  • 14.8 Basic Laboratory Technique: Cutting glass tube and glass rod, bending a glass tube, drawing out a glass jet, boring of cork.

Source : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry 

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BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus

December 18th, 2014 No comments

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admissions Test 2015 Physics Syllabus – BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Physics 

BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Program in BITS Pilani, BITS Goa and BITS Hyderabad Campus and searching for BITSAT 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the BITS Authorities has Published BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus. Students who are Preparing to Crack BITSAT 2015 Entrace Test and Aspires to check BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus can check BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus.

BITS : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus :- 

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BITSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus Topics and Sub Topics : 

1. Units & Measurement

  • 1.1 Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
  • 1.2 Dimensional Analysis
  • 1.3 Precision and significant figures
  • 1.4 Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)

2. Kinematics

  • 2.1 Properties of vectors
  • 2.2 Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
  • 2.3 Motion with constant acceleration
  • 2.4 Projectile motion
  • 2.5 Uniform circular motion
  • 2.6 Relative motion

3. Newtons Laws of Motion

  • 3.1 Newtons laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
  • 3.2 Motion on an inclined plane
  • 3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems
  • 3.4 Circular motion – centripetal force
  • 3.5 Inertial and non-inertial frames

4. Impulse and Momentum

  • 4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum
  • 4.2 Conservation of momentum
  • 4.3 Collisions
  • 4.4 Momentum of a system of particles
  • 4.5 Center of mass

5. Work and Energy

  • 5.1 Work done by a force
  • 5.2 Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
  • 5.3 Power
  • 5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
  • 5.5 Conservation of mechanical energy

6. Rotational Motion

  • 6.1 Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
  • 6.2 Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
  • 6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
  • 6.4 Torque and angular momentum
  • 6.5 Conservation of angular momentum
  • 6.6 Rolling motion

7. Gravitation

  • 7.1 Newtons law of gravitation
  • 7.2 Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
  • 7.3 Motion of planets – Keplers laws, satellite motion

8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

  • 8.1 Elasticity
  • 8.2 Pressure, density and Archimedes principle
  • 8.3 Viscosity and Surface Tension
  • 8.4 Bernoullis theorem

9. Oscillations

  • 9.1 Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
  • 9.2 Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
  • 9.3 Forced & damped oscillations, resonance

10. Waves

  • 10.1 Progressive sinusoidal waves
  • 10.2 Standing waves in strings and pipes
  • 10.3 Superposition of waves, beats
  • 10.4 Doppler Effect

11. Heat and Thermodynamics

  • 11.1 Kinetic theory of gases
  • 11.2 Thermal equilibrium and temperature
  • 11.3 Specific heat, Heat Transfer – Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newtons law of cooling
  • 11.4 Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
  • 11.5 2nd law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance

12. Electrostatics

  • 12.1 Coulombs law
  • 12.2 Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
  • 12.3 Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
  • 12.4 Gauss law and its applications
  • 12.5 Electric dipole
  • 12.6 Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)

13. Current Electricity

  • 13.1 Ohms law, Joule heating
  • 13.2 D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoffs laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge,
  • 13.3 Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).

14. Magnetic Effect of Current

  • 14.1 Biot-Savarts law and its applications
  • 14.2 Amperes law and its applications
  • 14.3 Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
  • 14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

15. Electromagnetic Induction

  • 15.1 Faradays law, Lenzs law, eddy currents
  • 15.2 Self and mutual inductance
  • 15.3 Transformers and generators
  • 15.4 Alternating current (peak and rms value)
  • 15.5 AC circuits, LCR circuits

16. Optics

  • 16.1 Laws of reflection and refraction
  • 16.2 Lenses and mirrors
  • 16.3 Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
  • 16.4 Interference – Huygens principle, Youngs double slit experiment
  • 16.5 Interference in thin films
  • 16.6 Diffraction due to a single slit
  • 16.7 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum
  • 16.8 Polarization – states of polarization, Malus law, Brewsters law

17. Modern Physics

  • 17.1 Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
  • 17.2 Atomic models – Rutherfords experiment, Bohrs atomic model
  • 17.3 Hydrogen atom spectrum
  • 17.4 Radioactivity
  • 17.5 Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, binding energy

18. Electronic Devices

  • 18.1 Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
  • 18.2 Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V
  • characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
  • 18.3 Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common
  • emitter configuration) and oscillator
  • 18.4 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

Source : BITSAT 2015 Syllabus for Physics

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JEE Main 2015 Syllabus

November 11th, 2014 No comments

JEE (Main) 2015 Syllabus – JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Syllabus – JEE Main 2015 Paper 2 Syllabus – JEE (Main) Syllabus

JEE Main 2015 Syllabus JEE Main 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus for Admission to B.E, B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Planning Programs in Indian Premier Institutes like NITs, IIITs, CFIs and SFIs are hereby informed that the JEE Main 2015 Authorities has Published JEE Main 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus. Students who are Preparing to Crack JEE Main 2015 Entrance Test and Searching for JEE Main 2015 Syllabus can check the JEE Main 2015 Syllabus Subject wise.

JEE Main 2015 Syllabus is Mainly Divided in to Two Forms which Includes JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Paper 1 and JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Paper 2. JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Syllabus Included JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus, JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus and JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus. JEE Main 2015 Paper 2 Syllabus Includes JEE Main 2015 Aptitude Test Syllabus.

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JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics   JEE Main 2015 Syllabus

JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Physics   JEE Main 2015 Syllabus

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JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

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JEE (Main) 2015 Mathematics Syllabus- JEE Main 2015 B.E / B.Tech Syllabus – JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Syllabus – JEE Main 2015 Maths Syllabus

JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus JEE Main 2015 Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.E and B.Tech Programs in Premier Institutes Like NITs, IIITs, CFIs and SFIs are hereby Informed that the JEE Main 2015 Authorities has Published JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics . Students who are aspiring to appear for JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Exam and Interested to check JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus  can check JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Test Syllabus.

JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus Includes only one Part. Students who are Preparing to Crack JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus can check and Prepare as per the JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus.

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JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus :

JEE Main 2015 Mathematics Syllabus
UNIT No Topics Details Sub Topics
UNIT 1 Sets, Relations and Functions Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions;. one-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions.
UNIT 2 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
UNIT 3 Matrices and Determinants Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.
UNIT 4 Permutations and Combinations Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.
UNIT 5 Mathematical Induction Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
UNIT 6 Binomial Theorem Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
UNIT 7 Sequences and Series Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers. Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum upto n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3. Arithmetico – Geometric progression.
UNIT 8 Limit, Continuity and Differentiability Real – valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.
UNIT 9 Integral Calculus Integral as an anti – derivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities. Integral as limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.
UNIT 10 Differential Equations Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type:
UNIT 11 Co-ordinate Geometry Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
Straight lines :
Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
Circles, conic sections:
Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.
UNIT 12 Three Dimensional Geometry Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
UNIT 13 Vector Algebra Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.
UNIT 14 Statistics and Probability Measures of Dispersion :
Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
Probability:
Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.
UNIT 15 Trigonometry Trigonometrical identities and equations. Trigonometrical functions. Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Heights and Distances.
UNIT 16 Mathematical Reasoning Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive.

Source : JEE Main 2015 Syllabus and Other Details 

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JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus

November 11th, 2014 No comments

JEE (Main) 2015 Physics Syllabus- JEE Main 2015 B.E / B.Tech Syllabus – JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Syllabus

JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus JEE Main 2015 Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.E and B.Tech Programs in Premier Institutes Like NITs, IIITs, CFIs and SFIs are hereby Informed that the JEE Main 2015 Authorities has Published JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Physics. Students who are aspiring to appear for JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Exam and Interested to check JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus  can check JEE Main 2015 Physics Test Syllabus.

JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus Includes Three Parts – JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus for Section A and JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus for Section B. Students who are Preparing to Crack JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus can check and Prepare as per the JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus.

JEE Main 2015 Syllabus :

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JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus :

JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus for Section B :

JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus (Section – A)
UNIT No Topics Details Sub Topics
UNIT 1 Physics and Measurement Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Significant figures. Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
UNIT 2 Kinematics Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position- time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
UNIT 3 Laws of Motion Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
UNIT 4 Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem, power. Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
UNIT 5 Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.
UNIT 6 Gravitation The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.
UNIT 7 Properties of Solids and Liquids Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer- conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.
UNIT 8 Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.
UNIT 9 Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas, work doneon compressing a gas.Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy,applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
UNIT 10 Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
UNIT 11 Electrostatics Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.

UNIT 12 Current Electricity Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
UNIT 13 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances.

Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

UNIT 14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.
UNIT 15 Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.
UNIT 16 Optics Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
UNIT 17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.
UNIT 18 Atoms and Nuclei Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
UNIT 19 Electronic Devices Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
UNIT 20 Communication Systems Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only)

 

JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus for Section B :

JEE Main 2015 Physics Syllabus (Section – B)

UNIT No

Topics Details

Sub Topics

UNIT 21 Experimental Skills Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:1. Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.

3. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.

4. Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.

5. Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.

7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

8. Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.

9. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.

10. Specific heat capacity of a given
(i) solid and
(ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

11. Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.

12. Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.

13. Potentiometer –
(i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
(ii) Determination of internal resistance of a cell.

14. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.

15. Focal length of:
(i) Convex mirror
(ii) Concave mirror, and
(iii) Convex lens using parallax method.

16. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

17. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

18. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

19. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.

20. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.

21. Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.

22. Using multimeter to:
(i) Identify base of a transistor
(ii) Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor
(iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.
(iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

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JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

November 11th, 2014 No comments

JEE (Main) 2015 Chemistry Syllabus- JEE Main 2015 B.E / B.Tech Syllabus – JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Syllabus

JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus JEE Main 2015 Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.E and B.Tech Programs in Premier Institutes Like NITs, IIITs, CFIs and SFIs are hereby Informed that the JEE Main 2015 Authorities has Published JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry. Students who are aspiring to appear for JEE Main 2015 Paper 1 Exam and Interested to check JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus  can check JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Test Syllabus.

JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus Includes Three Parts – JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Physical Chemistry , JEE Main 2015 Syllabus Inorganic Chemistry and JEE Main 2015 Syllabus for Organic Chemistry. Students who are Preparing to Crack JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus can check and Prepare as per the JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus.

JEE Main 2015 Syllabus :

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JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus :

JEE Main 2015 Physical Chemistry Syllabus :

JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus (Physical Chemistry)
UNIT No Topics Details Sub Topics
UNIT 1 Some Basic concepts in Chemistry Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
UNIT 2 States of Matter Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.Gaseous State:

Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.

Liquid State:

Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).

Solid State:

Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

UNIT 3 Atomic Structure Discovery of sub-atomic particles (electron, proton and neutron); Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, * and *2, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; Variation of  *  and * 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
UNIT 4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.

Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – Its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.

Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.

Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

UNIT 5 Chemical Thermodynamics Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.First law of thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.

Second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, DGo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

UNIT 6 Solutions Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.
UNIT 7 Equilibrium Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.

Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Br?nsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid – base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

UNIT 8 Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.Eectrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.

Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.

UNIT 9 Chemical Kinetics Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half – lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
UNIT 10 Surface Chemistry Adsorption – Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.Catalysis – Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.

Colloidal state – distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids – lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics.

 

JEE Main 2015 Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus :

JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus (Inorganic Chemistry)
UNIT No Topics Details Sub Topics
UNIT 11 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements­atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
UNIT 12 General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; steps involved in the extraction of metals – concentration, reduction (chemical. and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe; Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
UNIT 13 Hydrogen Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; Structure, preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; Classification of hydrides – ionic, covalent and interstitial; Hydrogen as a fuel.
UNIT 14 s – Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals) Group 1 and Group 2 ElementsGeneral introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.

Preparation and properties of some important compounds – sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

UNIT 15 p – Block Elements Group 13 to Group 18 ElementsGeneral Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

Groupwise study of the p – block elements

Group – 13

Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.

Group – 14

Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones.

Group – 15

Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Group – 16

Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

Group – 17

Preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.

Group – 18

Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

UNIT 16 d – and f – Block Elements Transition ElementsGeneral introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

Inner Transition Elements

Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

UNIT 17 Co-ordination Compounds Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner’s theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
UNIT 18 Environmental Chemistry Environmental pollution – Atmospheric, water and soil.Atmospheric pollution – Tropospheric and stratospheric

Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Green house effect and Global warming; Acid rain; Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.

Stratospheric pollution – Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer – its mechanism and effects.

Water Pollution – Major pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.

Soil pollution – Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides,. herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention.

Strategies to control environmental pollution.

JEE Main 2015 Organic Chemistry Syllabus :

JEE Main 2015 Chemistry Syllabus (Organic Chemistry)

UNIT No

Topics Details

Sub Topics

UNIT 19 Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications.
Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.
Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.
Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.
UNIT 20 Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C ? C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.
Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.Electronic displacement in a covalent bond – Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.Common types of organic reactions – Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
UNIT 21 Hydrocarbons Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.

Alkenes – Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.

Alkynes – Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.

Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

UNIT 22 Organic Compounds Containing Halogens General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT.
UNIT 23 Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer – Tiemann reaction.
Ethers: Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones

Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of ? – hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

UNIT 24 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
UNIT 25 Polymers General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and condensation, copolymerization; Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.
UNIT 26 Bio Molecules General introduction and importance of biomolecules.Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).

Proteins – Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins – Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

UNIT 27 Chemistry in Everyday Life Chemicals in medicines – Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins – their meaning and common examples.Chemicals in food – Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples.

Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

UNIT 28 Principles Related to Practical Chemistry • Detection of extra elements (N,S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds. • Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum.
Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.• Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises – Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.• Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
Cations – Pb2+ , Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+.
Anions- CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).• Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base. .
3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
4. Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

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