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VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus – Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Physics Syllabus 2015

VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus VSAT 2015 Admission Test Physics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Vignan University and Searching for VSAT 2015 Physics Entrance Test Syllabus are hereby informed that the Vignan University Admission Department has Published VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus. Students who are searching for VSAT 2015 Test Physics Syllabus and interested to check VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus can check Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Physics Syllabus 2015.

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus includes Various Units, Topics and Sub Topics. Students who aspires to Crack VSAT 2015 Physics Entrance Test has to Cover all Units, Topics and Sub Topics

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Syllabus :

Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Syllabus   VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus :

Unit 1: Physical world

What is Physics? , Scope and excitement of physics, physics technology and society, fundamental forces in nature, Nature of physical laws

Units and Dimensions and Measurement

Units for fundamental and derived quantities, system of units, rules for writing units, multiple and submultiples units in S.I system, Accuracy and precision, errors, types of errors – random errors, gross errors, systematic errors, absolute errors, mean absolute error, relative error, percentage error, errors due to addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and powers of observed quantities, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional formulae, applications and limitations of dimensional analysis, significant figures

Vectors

Scalars and vectors, types of vectors – equal, null and unit vectors, position vector, parallelogram law of vectors – applications, Triangle of law of vectors – applications, expression for resultant vector, polygon law of vectors, concept of relative velocity – application to relative motion of a boat in a river, multiplication of vector with scalar product with examples, vector product with examples

Rotatory Motion

Basic concepts – angular displacement, angular velocity, angular acceleration, centripetal and centrifugal force applications, motion of a body in a vertical circle, concept of Torque and couple, Angular momentum, moment of Inertia – parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, M. I. of a thin rod, uniform disc, rectangular lamina, solid sphere, hollow sphere, circular ring, solid cylinder, hollow cylinder, law of conservation of angular momentum with       examples, rolling motion

Gravitation

Universal law of gravitation, nature of gravity, relation between g and G, Keplers laws,variation of acceleration due to gravity with altitude, depth, latitude and shape of the earth – inertial and non – inertial frames inertial and gravitational masses – escape velocity – orbital velocity – geostationary satellites and their uses

Unit 2: Kinematics

Motion in a straight line, uniform motion, uniformly accelerated motion using position – time, velocity – time graphs, and relations for uniformly accelerated motion – concept of acceleration due to gravity equations of motion of freely  falling body – vertically projected bodies from ground and tower. Motion in a plane with constant acceleration, projectiles oblique projection, horizontal projection from top of a tower – applications

Laws of motion (Dynamics)

Force and Inertia, Newtons first law of motion; momentum, Newtons second law of motion; Impulse, apparent weight, Newtons third law of motion; law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, equilibrium of a particle, At woods machine, objects suspended by strings, blocks placed in contact with each other on frictionless horizontal surface

Work, Power and Energy

Definitions and units of work – power – energy, work done by variable force, expressions for P.E. & K.E., work – energy theorem, law of conservation of energy examples

Collisions

Collisions in one dimension – elastic and inelastic collision, coefficient of restitution, equation for height attained by freely falling body after a number of rebounds on the floor, collisions in two Dimensions.

Centre of mass

Definition of centre of mass – examples – centre of gravity – co-ordinates of centre of mass, characteristics, centre of mass of rigid body with homogeneous distributions of mass – thin rod, circular ring, disc, sphere.

Friction

Types of friction – static, kinetic and rolling – causes of friction – methods to reduce friction – motion of a body on the rough horizontal surface – pushing and pulling of lawn roller – acceleration, velocity of a body sliding on smooth and rough inclined planes

Unit 3: Mechanical properties of solids

Stress – strain  Hooks law – modulii of elasticity (Y, n, K) poissons ratio – behaviour of a wire under increasing load, elastic fatigue, strain energy, Searls experiment, Determination of Youngs modulus of material of a wire, Applications of elastic behavior of materials.

Mechanical properties of fluids

Surface Tension

Surface tension – definition – examples, molecular theory – force due to surface tension – applications, surface energy, work done in splitting the liquid drop – applications, angle of contact, capillarity – example, experimental determination of surface tension by capillary rise method, excess pressure inside a liquid drop and soap bubble  applications

Fluid mechanics and viscosity

Principle of buoyancy – pressure energy in a fluid, Pascals law, variation of pressure with depth, atmospheric pressure and guage pressure, hydraulic machines , equation of continuity and Bernoullis theorem -applicationto aerodynamic lift and motion of spinning ball, Torricellis law, venture meter, Blood flow and heart attack, steam line flow – turbulent flows – characteristics of stream line flow – turbulent flow – Poisuilles equation – Stokes formula Terminal velocity-Reynolds number.

Unit 4:  Oscillations

Definitions and examples – displacement, velocity, acceleration, time period, frequency – time period of simple pendulum, spring pendulum, force constant, K.E. and P.E. of a body in SHM, systems executing S.H.M., DampedS.H.M

Wave motion and Sound waves

Types of waves; longitudinal and transverse, progressive wave and its equation, stationary wave and its equation, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, formation of stationary waves in stretched strings, laws of vibrating strings, sonometer, characteristics of sound, speed of sound in solids, liquids and gases, free and forced vibrations, resonance, standing waves in organ pipes – closed and open pipes (harmonics and overtones), Beats – definition and applications – Doppler effect – expressions for apparent frequency of sound in different cases – applications and limitation of Doppler effect – Echoes – absorption of sound waves – reverberation time.

Unit 5: Ray Optics

Reflection of light by spherical mirrors, Theories of light – Refraction of light at plane surface – prism – R.I. of – prism -critical angle – total internal reflection – application optical fibre – Lens makers formula – applications, lens theory, defects in images-spherical and chromatic aberrations and methods of their reduction – optical instruments simple and compound microscopes – astronomical and terrestrial telescopes – Ramsdens eyepiece- Huygens eye piece, kinds of spectra – emission, line, band and continuous spectra – absorption spectra – applications, fraunhoffer lines and their significance. Some natural phenomenon of sunlight

Physical Optics

Huygens principle Interference of light – coherent sources – conditions for interference, Youngs double slit experiment – fringe width – diffraction different classes of diffraction – Fresnels and Fraunhofers diffraction application – polarization – production of plane polarized light by reflection and refraction – double refraction Polaroids

Unit 6: Magnetism & Matter

Coulombs inverse square law, magnetic field, magnetic lines of force, uniform and non – uniform magnetic fields couple acting on a bar magnet, magnetic moment – Bon axial and equatorial lines – Tangent law – deflection.

magnetometer – comparison of magnetic moments in Tan A and Tan B, position in equal distance and null methods- verification of inverse square law  vibration magnetometer – experimental determination of M and BH – dia, para and ferromagnetic materials, properties and uses, Magnetism and Gausss law, Earths magnetism,Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Hysteresisgraph.

Electrostatics

Electric charge – properties, coulombs inverse square law – principle of superposition with examples – concept of electric – field electric lines of force and their properties – electric intensity – Intensity due to isolated charge and due to multiple charges, Electric dipole, Dipole in uniform external field – electrostatic potential, definition- potential due to point charge and group of charges – relation between V and E, electrostatic potential energy, electric flux, Gauss law-Applications of Gauss law to find electric intensity and potential due to continuous charge distribution of infinite wire and infinite plane sheet and spherical shell, potential due to electric dipole, Electrostatics of conductors, dielectrics and polarization, capacitance – dielectric constant – condenser-definition and its uses – parallel plate condenser – effect of dielectric on capacitance of capacitors, capacitors in series and parallel, energy stored in a capacitor – types of capacitors – their uses, Vande- Graff generator

Current Electricity

Electriccurrent,  driftvelocity,  mobility,  Ohms  law  and  applications,  resistance,  conductance,  specific resistance, specific conductance, variation of resistance and resistivity with temperature – thermostat – effective resistance in different cases, EMF of a cell electrical energy – electrical power and their units – Kirchoffs laws application to Wheatstone bridge – condition for balancing – metre bride – potentiometer applications.

Unit 7: Moving charges and magnetism

Oersteds experiment, different laws to determine the direction of magnetic field – Biot-Savarts law – Amperes law, solenoid and Toroid, magnetic field near a long straight conductor, circular coil – tangent galvanometer, force ona moving charge and current carrying conductor in a magnetic field – force between two straight and parallel conductors, Torque on current loop, magnetic dipole, Flemings left hand rule – working of moving coil galvanometer – conversion of MCG into ammeter and voltmeter

Electro magnetic induction

Electro magnetic induction, Experiments of Faraday & Henry, Faradays law, – Flemings right hand rule, Lenzs law, eddy currents, self inductance – mutual inductance – transformer – growth and decay of charge in C – R circuit connected to dc source – growth and decay of current in L – R circuit connected to dc source – time constant in C – R , L – R circuits significance, A.C generator.

Alternating currents

Instantaneous, peak mean and rms values of alternating current and alternating voltage applied to pure resistor, pure inductor, L – R, C – R and LCR circuits, power factor, LC oscillations.

Electro magnetic waves:-

Displacement current, Electro magnetic waves , Wlectro magnetic spectrum.

Unit 8: Dual nature of matter and radiation

Discovery of electron – specific charge of the electron by J.J. Thomsons method – Millikans oil drop experiment, photoelectric effect -laws of photoelectric effect – Einsteins photo electric equation – Millikans experimental verification of PEE, photo electric cells, de Broglies hypothesis – matter waves, wave nature of matter, Davisson and Germer experiment

Atoms

Alpha particals scattering and Rutherfords nuclear model of Atom, Atomic spectra, Bhors model of hydrogenatom, lines spectra of hydrogen atom, De Brogles explanation of Bhors second postulate of Quantization

Nuclei Nucleus and its composition, mass defect, binding energy, binding energy curve, natural radio activity α, β,γ rays-properties, radioactive decay law, half life and average life, nuclear forces and their properties  discovery of Neutron, radio isotopes and uses, artificial transmutation, nuclear fission, chain reaction, nuclear reactor, Nuclear fusion – energy of sun and stars (carbon – nitrogen cycle, proton – proton cycle).

Semiconductor Devices

Intrinsic & extrinsic semi conductors, p – type, n – type, P – N junction, junction diode, forward bias, reverse bias, current – voltage characteristics – rectifiers – Half wave and full wave rectifiers – zener diode as voltage regulator, transistor – PNP, NPN transistors and their working, V – I characteristics of transistor in CE configuration, Transistor as amplifier, digital electronics,   logic (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR) integrated circuits, special purpose PN junction diode.

Communication Systems

Elements of communication system (block diagrams), band width of signals (speech, TV and digital data) Band with of transmission medium,  propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation modulation, Amplitude modulation, production of amplitude modulated wave detection of amplitude modulated wave.

Unit 9:  Temperature and thermal expansion of Solids, Liquids and Gases

Thermal expansion of materials using potential energy curve (only qualitative treatment), coefficient of linear (a), area (b) and volume (r) expansions, the coefficients of real (rr) and apparent (ra) expansion of liquid, variation of density of solids and liquids with temperature, specific gravity bottle method for the determination of , anamalous expansion of water and its significance in nature, volume and pressure coefficients of gases-their relationship – Regnaults apparatus – Boyels law, Charles law – ideal gas equation – universal gas constant significance.

Thermodynamics

Heat – definition – calorie, thermal capacity, specific heat, latent heat – calorimetry – determination of specific heat and latent heat by method of mixtures – Joules law – first law and second law of thermodynamics, heat engine – refrigerator, phases of matter – triple point of water – specific heats of gases Cp, Cv and their relationship – Isothermal and adiabatic processes – relationships between P, V and T in adiabatic process – external work done by ideal gas in adiabatic, isothermal processes.

Transmission of heat

Conduction – coefficient of thermal conductivity – convection – free and forced convection – thermal radiation properties, provosts theory of heat exchange – emissive and absorptive power of bodies – black body radiation – kirchoffs law and its applications – Stefans law – Newtons law of cooling.

Kinetic Theory

Molecular nature of matter, Behaviour of gases, kinetic theory of an ideal gas, Law of equipartition  of energy, specific heat capacity, Mean free path.

Source : VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus

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VSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Biology Syllabus – Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Biology Syllabus 2015

VSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus VSAT 2015 Admission Test Biology Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Vignan University and Searching for VSAT 2015 Biology Entrance Test Syllabus are hereby informed that the Vignan University Admission Department has Published VSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus. Students who are searching for VSAT 2015 Test Biology Syllabus and interested to check VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus can check Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Biology Syllabus 2015.

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Biology Syllabus is Divided into VSAT 2015 Botany Syllabus and VSAT 2015 Zoology Syllabus Students who aspires to Crack VSAT 2015 Biology Entrance Test has to Cover all Units, Topics and Sub Topics

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Syllabus :

Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Syllabus   VSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus :

  1. Vignan University VSAT 2015 Botany Syllabus
  2. Vignan University VSAT 2015 Zoology Syllabus

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Botany Syllabus :

UNIT-I:    Diversity in the living world

The living world-What is living? Diversity in the living world; Taxonomic categories and taxonomical aids. Biological Classification-Five kingdom classification, Monera, Protista, Fungi, and Animalia, Three domains of life (six kingdom classification),Viruses, Viroids, Prions & Lichens.-Science of plants – Botany Origin, Development, Scope of Botany and Branches of Botany- Plant Kingdom – Salient features, classification and alternation of generations of the plants of the following groups Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.

UNIT – II : Structural organisation in plants- Morphology

Morphology of flowering Plants Vegetative; Parts of a typical Angiospermic plant; Vegetative morphology and modifications- Root, Stem and Leaf, types; Venation, Phyllotaxy.

Reproductive : Inflorescence – Racemose, Cymose and special types ( in brief). Flower : Parts of a flower and their detailed description; Aestivation, Placentation. Fruits : Types- True, False and parthenocarpic fruits.

UNIT-III: Reproduction in Plants

Modes of Reproduction - Asexual reproduction, binary fission, Sporulation, budding, fragmentation, vegetative propagation in plants, Sexual reproduction in brief, Overview of angiosperm life cycle. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants .-Stamen, microsporangium, pollen grain. Pistil, megasporangium (ovule) and embryo sac; Development of male and female gametophytes.Pollination – Types, agents, Out breeding devices and Pollen, Pistil interaction. Double Fertilization; Post fertilisation events: Development of endosperm and embryo; development of seed, Structure of Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous seeds, Significance of fruit and seed. Special modes , Apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony.

UNIT-IV:  Plant systematics

Taxonomy of angiosperms Introduction. Types of Systems of classification (In brief).Semi- Technical description of a typical flowering plant Description of Families: Fabaceae, Solanaceae and Liliaceae.

UNIT-V:   Cell Structure and Function

Cell – The Unit of Life-Cell- Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life- overview of the cell.Prokaryotic cells, Ultra Structure of Plant cell (structure in detail and functions in brief), Cell membrane, Cell wall, Cell organelles: Endoplasmic reticulum, Mitochondria, Plastids, Ribosomes, Golgi bodies, Vacuoles, Lysosomes, Microbodies, Centrosome and Centriole, Cilia, Flagella, Cytoskeleton and Nucleus.Chromosomes: Number, structural organization; Nucleosome. – Biomolecules Structure and function of Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids and Nucleic acids.-Cell cycle and Cell Division. Cell cycle, Mitosis, Meiosis – significance.

UNIT-VI:  Internal Organisation of Plants

Histology and Anatomy of Flowering Plants- Tissues – Types, structure and functions:   Meristematic; Permanent tissues – Simple and Complex tissues.Tissue systems – Types, structure and function: Epidermal, Ground and Vascular tissue systems. Anatomy of Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous plants, Root, Stem and Leaf. Secondary growth in Dicot stem and Dicot root.

UNIT-VII: Plant Ecology

Ecological Adaptations, Succession and Ecological Services Introduction-Plant communities and Ecological adaptations: Hydrophytes, Mesophytes and Xerophytes- Plant succession. Ecological services – Carbon fixation, Oxygen release and-pollination (in brief).

UNIT-VIII: Plant Physiology

Transport in Plants-Means of Transport- Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion, Passive symports and antiports, Active Transport, Comparison of Different Transport Processes, Plant-Water-Relations Water Potential, Osmosis, Plasmolysis, Imbibition, Long Distance Transport of Water- Water Movement up a Plant, Root Pressure, Transpiration pull, Opening and Closing of Stomata, Transpiration and Photosynthesis, Uptake and Transport of Mineral Nutrients- Uptake of Mineral Ions, Translocation of Mineral Ions, PhloemTransport: Flow from  Source  to  Sink-The  Pressure  Flow  or  Mass  Flow  Hypothesis  -  Mineral  Nutrition  -  Methods  to Study   the   Mineral   Requirements   of   Plants,   Essential   Mineral   Elements-Criteria   for   Essentiality,

Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Role of Macro- and Micronutrients,  Deficiency  Symptoms  of    Essential Elements, Toxicity of Micronutrients, Mechanism of Absorption of Elements, Translocation of Solutes, Soil as Reservoir of Essential Elements, Metabolism of Nitrogen, NitrogenCycle,  Biological  Nitrogen  Fixation, Symbiotic nitrogen fixation, Nodule Formation – Enzymes – Chemical   Reactions,  Enzymatic  Conversions, Nature  of Enzyme    Action, Factors    Affecting    Enzyme Activity, Temperature and pH, Concentration of Substrate, Classification and Nomenclature of Enzymes, Co-factors Photosynthesis in Higher Plants – Early Experiments,  Site of Photosynthesis,  Pigments Involved in Photosynthesis, Light   Reaction, The Electron Transport-Splitting  of  Water,  Cyclic  and  Non-cyclic   Photo-phosphorylation,  Chemiosmotic Hypothesis, Biosynthetic phase- The Primary Acceptor of CO2, The Calvin Cycle, The C4 Pathway, Photorespiration, Factors affecting Photosynthesis –  Respiration of Plants – Cellular  respiration, Glycolysis, Fermentation, Aerobic Respiration – Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle, Electron Transport System (ETS) and Oxidative Phosphorylation, The Respiratory Balance Sheet, Amphibolic Pathway, Respiratory Quotient – Plant Growth and Development – Growth- Plant Growth, Phases of Growth, Growth Rates, Conditions for Growth, Differentiation, Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation, Development, Plant Growth Regulators- Physiological Effects of Plant Growth Regulators, Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Ethylene, Abscisic acid, Seed Dormancy, Photoperiodism, Vernalisation

UNIT IX : Microbiology

Bacteria - Morphology of Bacteria, Bacterial cell structure, Nutrition, Reproduction-Sexual Reproduction, Conjugation, Transformation, Transduction, The   importance of Bacteria to Humans Viruses - Discovery, Classification of Viruses, structure   of Viruses, Multiplication of Bacteriophages, The Lysogenic Cycle, Viral diseases in Plants, Viral diseases in Humans

UNIT X: Genetics

Principles of Inheritance and Variation – Mendels    Experiments, Inheritance of one gene(Monohybrid Cross)-Back  cross  and  Test  cross,  Law  of Dominance, Law of Segregation or Law of purity of gametes, Deviations from Mendelian  concept of dominance, Incomplete Dominance, Co-dominance, Explanation of the concept of dominance, Inheritance of two genes- Law of Independent Assortment, Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance, Linkage and Recombination, Mutations, Significance of mutations.

UNIT XI: Molecular Biology

Molecular Basis of inheritance – The DNA – Structure of Polynucleotide Chain, Packaging of DNA Helix, The Search  for Genetic Material, Transforming Principle, Biochemical Characterisation of Transforming Principle, The Genetic Material is DNA, Properties of Genetic Material (DNA versus RNA), RNA World, Replication- The Experimental Proof, The Machinery and the Enzymes, Transcription, Transcription Unit, Transcription Unit and the Gene, Types of RNA and the process of Transcription, Genetic Code Mutations and Genetic Code, tRNA–the Adapter Molecule, Translation, Regulation of Gene Expression-The Lac operon.

UNITXII: Biotechnology

Principles and processes of Biotechnology - Principles of Biotechnology-Construction of the first artificial recombinant DNA molecule, Tools of Recombinant DNA Technology-Restriction   Enzymes, Cloning Vectors, Competent Host (For Transformation with Recombinant DNA), Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology- Isolation of the Genetic Material (DNA), Cutting of DNA at Specific Locations, Separation and isolation of DNA fragments, Insertion of isolated gene into a suitable vector, Amplification of Gene of Interest using PCR, Insertion of Recombinant DNA into the Host, Cell/Organism, Selection of Transformed host cells, Obtaining the Foreign Gene Product, Downstream Processing – Biotechnology and its applications – Biotechnological Applications In Agriculture, Bt Cotton, Pest Resistant Plants, Other applications of Biotechnology Insulin, Gene therapy, Molecular Diagnosis, ELISA, DNA fingerprinting, Transgenic plants, Bio-safety and Ethical issues- Biopiracy

UNIT XIII: Plants, Microbes and Human welfare

Strategies for enhancement in food production Plant Breeding – What is Plant Breeding?, Wheat and Rice, Sugarcane, Millets, Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance, Methods  of  breeding  for  disease  resistance, Mutation, Plant Breeding for Developing Resistance to Insect Pests, Plant   Breeding for Improved Food Quality, Single Cell Protein (SCP), Tissue Culture - Microbes in Human Welfare – Microbes in Household Products, Microbes in Industrial Products-Fermented Beverages, Antibiotics, Chemicals, Enzymes and other Bioactive Molecules, Microbes in Sewage Treatment, Primary treatment, Secondary treatment or Biological treatment, Microbes in Production of Biogas, Microbes as Biocontrol Agents, Biological control of pests and diseases, Microbes as Biofertilisers, Challenges posed by Microbes

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Zoology Syllabus :

UNIT- I:   Zoology – Diversity of living world

What is life? – Nature, Scope & meaning of zoology – Branches of Zoology –  Need for classification- Zoos as tools for the study of   taxonomy – Basic principles of Classification: Biological system of classification- (Phylogenetic classification only) –  Levels or Hierarchy of classification –  Nomenclature – Bi & Trinominal – Species concept –  Kingdom Animalia – Biodiversity – Meaning and distribution (Genetic diversity, Species diversity, Ecosystem diversity(alpha,beta and gama), other attributes of biodiversity, role of biodiversity, threats to biodiveristy, methods of conservation, IUCN Red data books, Conservation of wild life in India – Legislation, Preservation, Organisations, Threatened species..

UNIT- II: Structural Organization in Animals

Levels of organization, Multicellularity: Diploblastic & Triploblastic conditions – Asymmetry,Symmetry: Radial symmetry, and Bilateral symmetry(Brief account giving one example for each type from the representative phyla) – Acoelomates, Pseudocoelomates and Eucoelomates :- Schizo & Entero coelomates (Brief account of formation of coelom) – Tissues: Epithelial – Types, Connective – Types, Muscular-Types and Nervous tissues. Skeletal tissues – cartilage – Types; Bone- types; Blood- Plasma, Blood cells; Lymph

UNIT- III: Animal diversity – i: Invertebrate phyla

General Characters – Strictly restrict to 8 salient features only Classification up to Classes with two or three examples – Brief account only Porifera- Cnidaria –  Ctenophora –  Platyhelminthes –  Nematoda –  Annelida (Include Earthworm as a type study strictly adhering to NCERT and Academy text books) –  Arthropoda –  Mollusca –  Echinodermata – Hemichordata

UNIT- IV: Animal diversity – i i: Phylum : Chordata

General Characters – Strictly restrict to 8 points only Classification up to Classes – Brief account only with two or three examples

Phylum: Chordata – Sub phylum: Urochordata – Sub phylum: Cephalochordata – Sub phylum : Vertebrata – Super class: Agnatha – Class Cyclostomata – Super class: Gnathostomata – Super class pisces – Class: Chondricthyes – Class : Osteichthyes – Tetrapoda – Class: Amphibia (Include Frog as a type study strictly adhering to NCERT and Academy text books) – Class: Reptilia – Class: Aves – Class: Mammalia

UNIT- V: Locomotion & Reproduction in Protozoa

Locomotion: Definition, types of locomotor structures pseudopodia (basic idea of pseudopodia without going into different types), flagella & cilia (Brief account giving two examples each) – Flagellar & Ciliary movement – Effective & Recovery strokes in Euglena, Synchronal & Metachronal movements in Paramecium.- Reproduction: Definition,  types.  Asexual  Reproduction:  Transverse  binary  fission  in  Paramecium  & Longitudinal binary  fission  in Euglena. Multiple fission,- Sexual Reproduction. Syngamy, Conjugation.

UNIT- VI: Biology & Human Welfare

Wonderman of micracle drugs; Parasitism and parasitic adaptation – Health and disease: introduction (follow NCERT and Academy) Life cycle, Pathogenecity, Treatment & Prevention (Brief account only) 1 Entamoeba histolytica 2 Plasmodium vivax ; 3 Ascaris lumbricoides 4 Wuchereria bancrofti – Brief account of pathogenecity, treatment & prevention of Typhoid, Pneumonia, Common cold, & Ring worm.- Tobacco, Drugs and Alcohol abuse

UNIT- VII: Type study of Periplaneta americana

Habitat and habits – External features – Locomotion – Digestive system – Respiratory system – Circulatory system- Excretory system – Nervous system – sense organs, structure of ommatidium.- Reproductive system

UNIT- VIII: Ecology & Environment

Organisms and Environment: Ecology, population, communities, habitat, niche, biome and ecosphere (definitions only) – Ecosystem: Elementary aspects only Abiotic factors- Light, Temperature & Water (Biological effects only), Ecological adaptations – Population interactions – Ecosystems: Types, Components, Lake ecosystem – Food chains, Food web, Productivity and Energy flow in Ecosystem, Ecological pyramids ,Pyramids of numbers, biomass and energy. – Nutritient cycling – Carbon, Nitrogen, &Phosphorous cycles (Brief account) – Population attributes: Growth, Natality and Mortality, Age distribution, Population regulation. – Environmental issues- Pollution – Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution

UNIT-IX :  Human Anatomy and Physiology-I

Unit IX A: Digestion and absorption

Alimentary canal and digestive glands- Gastric glands, Liver, Pancreas ; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, egestion, Calorific value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats (for box item not to be evaluated); Nutritional disorders: Protein Energy Malnutrion (PEM), indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea, Kwashiorkor.

Unit IX B: Breathing and Exchange of respiratory gases

Respiratory organs in animals; Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans – Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration; Respiratory volumes; Exchange of gases and transportation of respiratory gases; Regulation of respiratory movements, Respiratory disorders: Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders – Asbestosis, Silicosis, Siderosis, Black Lung Disease in coal miners.

UNIT X :    Human Anatomy and Physiology-II

Unit XA: Body Fluids and Circulation

Lymphatic system- Clotting of blood; Human circulatory system – structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system: Hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.

Unit X B: Excretory products and their elimination

Modes of excretion – Ammonotelism, Ureotelism, Uricotelism; Excretory organs; Human excretory system – structure of kidney and nephron; Urine formation, Mechanism of concentration of the filterate; osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function –Renin-Angiotensin – Aldosterone system, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders: Uraemia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis, dialysis using artificial kidney.

UNIT XI:   Human Anatomy and Physiology-III

Unit XIA: Muscular and Skeletal system

Skeletal muscle – ultra structure; Contractile proteins & muscle contraction; Skeletal system-   Skull, Vertebral column, Sternum, Ribs, Girdles, Limb bones and its functions; Joints – Types. (to be dealt with relevance to practical syllabus); Disorders of the muscular and skeletal system: myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout, rigormortis.

Unit XI B:  Neural control and co-ordination

Nervous system in human beings – Central nervous system, Peripheral nervous system and Visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sensory perception; Sense organs; Brief description of other receptors; Elementary structure and functioning of eye and ear.

UNIT XII: Human Anatomy and Physiology-IV

Unit XIIA: Endocrine system and chemical co-ordination

Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system , Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary idea only); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators; Hypo and Hyper activity and related disorders: Common disorders

– Dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addisons disease, Cushings syndrome.(Diseases & disorders to be dealt in brief).

Unit XIIB: Immune system

Basic concepts of Immunology – Types of Immunity – Innate Immunity, Acquired Immunity, Active and Passive Immunity, Cell mediated Immunity and Humoral Immunity, Interferon, HIV and AIDS.

UNITXIII: Human Reproduction

Unit XIIIA: Human Reproductive System

Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis & ovary; Gametogenesis “ Spermatogenesis & Oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilization, Embryo development up to blastocyst formation, Implantation; Gastrulation, organogenesis, placenta formation, Parturition, Lactation (elementary idea).

Unit XIIIB: Reproductive Health

Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control – Need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF-ET, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness). Surrogacy

UNIT XIV: Genetics

Heredity and variation: Mendels laws of inheritance with reference to Drosophila. (Drosophila melanogaster Grey, Black body colour; Long, Vestigial wings), Pleiotropy; Multiple alleles: Inheritance of blood groups and Rh-factor; Co-dominance (Blood groups as example); Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Skin colour in humans (refer Sinnott, Dunn and Dobzhansky); Sex determination – in humans, birds, Fumea moth, genic balance theory of sex determination in Drosophila melanogaster and honey bees; Sex linked inheritance – Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Y linked inheritance, Mendelian disorders in humans: Thalassemia, Haemophilia, Sickle celled anaemia, cystiefibrosis PKU, Alkaptonuria; Chromosomal disorders – Downs syndrome, Turners syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome; Genome, Human Genome Project and DNA Finger Printing,

UNIT XV: Organic Evolution

Origin of Life, Biological evolution and Evidences for biological evolution (palaeontological, comparative anatomical, embryological and molecular evidences); Theories of evolution: Lamarckism (in brief), Darwins theory of Evolution –Natural Selection with example (Kettlewells experiments on Biston bitularia), Mutation Theory of Hugo De Vries; Modern synthetic theory of Evolution – Hardy-Weinberg law ; Types of Natural Selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Variations (mutations and genetic recombination); Adaptive radiation – viz., Darwins finches and adaptive radiation in marsupials; Human evolution; Speciation – Allopatric, sympatric; Reproductive isolation.

UNIT XVI: Applied Biology

Apiculture; Animal Husbandry: Pisciculture, Poultry management, Dairy management; Animal breeding; Bio- medical Technology : Diagnostic Imaging (X-ray, CTscan, MRI), ECG, EEG; Application of Biotechnology in health: Human insulin and vaccine production ; Gene Therapy; Transgenic animals; ELISA; Vaccines, MABs, Cancer biology, stem cells.

Source : VSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus

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VSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus – Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Mathematics Syllabus 2015

VSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus VSAT 2015 Admission Test Mathematics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Vignan University and Searching for VSAT 2015 Mathematics Entrance Test Syllabus are hereby informed that the Vignan University Admission Department has Published VSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus. Students who are searching for VSAT 2015 Test Mathematics Syllabus and interested to check VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus can check Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Mathematics Syllabus 2015.

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus is Divided into Various Units, Topics and Sub Topics. Students who aspires to Crack VSAT 2015 Mathematics Entrance Test has to Cover all Units, Topics and Sub Topics

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Syllabus :

Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Syllabus   VSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus :

Unit 1: Algebra

Sets, relations and functions : Sets and their representation, union, intersection of two sets and complement of a set and their algebraic properties, power set, Relation-types of relations, equivalence relation, Functions-types of functions, one-one and onto functions, composition of functions, inverse functions, algebra of real valued functions

Quadratic equations and expressions : Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions , relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, maximum and minimum values of quadratic expressions, quadratic inequations in one variable

Theory of Equations : Relation between roots and coefficients in an equation, solving an equation, Equation with real coefficients occurrence of complex roots in conjugate pairs, transformations of equations

Matrices, determinants and linear equations : Types of matrices, algebra of matrices; transpose of a matrix, determinants of matrices of order 2 and 3; properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, solution of simultaneous linear equations in two and three variables using determinants and matrices, consistency and inconsistency of simultaneous linear equations, Rank of a matrix

Permutations and combinations : Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as a selection, linear and circular permutations, permutations when repetition of object is allowed, combinations

Binomial theorem and partial fractions : Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term, middle term (s), greatest term, properties of binomial coefficients, binomial theorem for rational index. Approximations using Binomial theorem, partial fractions

Sequences and series : Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means between two numbers, arithmetico-geometric progression

Complex Numbers : complex number as an ordered pair of real numbers, representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, De-moivres theorem and its applications

Unit 2: Trigonometry

Trigonometric Functions(1) Trigonometric ratios of compound angles, multiple and sub-multiple angles,trans formations and identities, extreme values,  periodicity (2) Trigonometric equations, (3) Inverse  trigonometric functions (4) Hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions (5) Properties of triangle

Unit 3: Vector Algebra

Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, linear combination of vectors, linear dependence and independence, components of a vector in two and three dimensions, vector equations of a line and a plane, scalar and vector products of two vectors and their applications, scalar and vector triple products, scalar and vector products of four vectors

Unit 4: Measures of dispersion

Range, Mean deviation, variance and standard deviation, coefficient of variation and analysis of frequency distribution.

Probability : Random experiment, sample space, event, probability of an event, addition theorem of probability; conditional event, conditional probability, multiplication theorem of probability, Bayes theorem Probability distribution of a random variable, mean and variance of a random variable, Binomial and Poission distributions

Unit 5: Coordinate Geometry

Coordinate system in two dimensions, locus and its equation, translation and rotation of axes

Straight Line : Various forms of equation of straight line, intersection of lines, angle between two lines, condition for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, centroid, circumcentre, in-centre and orthocenter of triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines

Pair of straight lines : Combined equation of a pair of lines passing through the origin, angular bisectors, condition for general equation of second degree in x and y to represent a pair of lines, angle between a pair of lines

Three dimensional Geometry : Coordinates, Section formulae, direction cosines, direction ratios, plane equations.

Circle : Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle and its parametric representation, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle, equation of tangent, normal, chord of contact, pole and polar, pair of tangents from an external point

System of circles : Angle between two circles, common tangents to two circles, orthogonality, radical axis, radical centre.

Conic sections : Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y=mx+c to be a tangent, normal

Unit 6: Calculus

Limits and continuity : Left limit, right limit and existence of limit of a function, continuity of a function

Differentiation and differentiability : Differentiability of a function, differentiation of the sum, product and quotient of two functions, Rolles and Lagranges mean value theorems

Applications of derivatives : Monotonic increasing and decreasing functions, maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals, Errors and approximations, derivative as a rate of change

Integration : Integral as anti-derivative, integrals involving standard functions, methods of integration, integration by parts, reduction formulae

Definite integrals : Evaluation of definite integrals, properties of definite integrals

Areas : Areas of the regions formed by simple curves in standard form

Differential equations : Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree, formation of differential equations, solutions of differential equations by the method of variables separable, solution of homogeneous, non-homogeneous and linear differential equations of first degree

Source : VSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

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VSAT 2015 Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus – Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Syllabus 2015

VSAT 2015 Syllabus VSAT 2015 Admission Test Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Vignan University and Searching for VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus are hereby informed that the Vignan University Admission Department has Published VSAT 2015 Syllabus. Students who are searching for VSAT 2015 Test Syllabus and interested to check VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus can check Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Syllabus 2015.

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus Includes VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus, VSAT 2015 Chemistry Syllabus, VSAT 2015 Mathematics Syllabus, VSAT 2015 English / Aptitude Test Syllabus and VSAT 2015 Biology Syllabus. Students who to Cover all Subjects, Topics and Sub Topics in order to Crack VSAT 2015 Entrance Test.

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Syllabus :

VSAT 2015 Syllabus for Physics   VSAT 2015 Syllabus

VSAT 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry  VSAT 2015 Syllabus

VSAT 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics  VSAT 2015 Syllabus

VSAT 2015 Syllabus for English / Aptitude  VSAT 2015 Syllabus

VSAT 2015 Syllabus for Biology  VSAT 2015 Syllabus

For More Updates : VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus

CG PET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus – Chhattisgarh Pre Engineering Test Mathematics Syllabus 2015

CG PET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus CG PET 2015 Test Maths Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Public and Private Engineering Colleges in Chhattisgarh State and searching for CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus are hereby informed that the Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board Raipur has Published CG PET 2015 Test Syllabus Interested Students can check CG PET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus.

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus Consists of 11 Units. Students has to Cover All Units, Topics and Sub Topics Published Below Under CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus in order to Crack CG PET 2015 Mathematics Entrance Test.

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

Click here to check : CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus  CG PET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

CG PET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus :

1. ALGEBRA: Algebra of complex numbers. Graphical representation complex numbers. moduls and argument of complex numbers, conjugated of a complex number Triangle inequality. Cube roots of unity. Arthmetic, geometric and harmonic progression Arithmetic geometric and harmonic means between two numbers. Sum of squares and cubes of first Natural numbers. Theory geometric equations relations between roots and coefficients. Quadratic expressions, quadratic equations in one variable, permutations and combinations, binomial Theorem (any index) exponential and logarithmics series. Determinants up to third order and their order and their elementary properties Matrices types of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrix, elementary properties of matrices. Application in solving simultanceous equations upto three variables.

2. TRIGONOMETRY : Trigonometry functions and their graphs, addition and subtraction Formula involving multiple and submultiples angles, general solutions of triangles equations, Relations between sides and angles of a triangles. Solutions of triangles, inverse; trigonometrical functions, height and distance (Simple Problems).

3. CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY OF TWO DIMENSIONS : Rectangular Cartesian co-ordinates. Straight line pair to straight line, dislance of a point from a line angle between two lines.

Circle, tangents and normal system of circles.

Conic section Payabola Ellipse and Hyperbola in standard forms with elementary. properties tangents and normals.

4. CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY OF THREE DIMENSIONS : Rectangular co-ordinate system, Direction consines and direction ratios, equation of place in standard forms.

Peypendicular distance from a point equation of a line angle between two lines.

5. VECTOR ALGEBRA : Defnition of vector , addition of vectors. Components in three dimensional space. Scalar and vector products. Triple products. Simple application in geometry and mechanics.

6. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS : function polynomial, rational trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential. Inverse function, Limit continuity and differentiability of functions, differentiation of rational. trigonometrie and exponential functions. Application of derivative in elementary problems in mechanics increasing and decreasing functions. Maxima and Minima of function of one variable. Rolls theorem and mean value theorem.

7. INTEGRAL CALCULUS : Integrations as the inverse process of differentiation. Integration by parts. By substitution and by partial fraction. Definite integral. Areas under simple cures.

8. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS : Formulation of differential equation, order and degree. Solution of differential equations by separation of variable method . Homogeneous form Linear differential equation of first order.

9. STATISTICS : Probability addition and multiplication laws. conditional probability. binomial distribution Simple problems in correlation and regression.

10. NUMERICAL METHODS : Solution of equation by the methods of bisection, false-position and Newton-Raphson. Numerical integration by trapezoided and Simpsons”s Rule.

11. LINEAR PROGRAMMING : Definition and formation of linear programming problems. Solution by graphical method.

Source : CG PET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

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CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Chemistry Syllabus – Chhattisgarh Pre Engineering Test Chemistry Syllabus 2015

CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus CG PET 2015 Test Chemistry Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Public and Private Engineering Colleges in Chhattisgarh State and searching for CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Chemistry Syllabus are hereby informed that the Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board Raipur has Published CG PET 2015 Test Syllabus Interested Students can check CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus.

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Chemistry Syllabus Consists of 18 Units. Students has to Cover All Units, Topics and Sub Topics Published Below Under CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus in order to Crack CG PET 2015 Chemistry Entrance Test.

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

Click here to check : CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus  CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus :

CHEMISTRY (PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY)

UNIT – 1 ATOMIC STRUCTURE: Constitution of nucleus: Bohrs atom model: quantum numbers aufbau principle electronic configuration of elements (upto-Kr): De-Broglie relation, shapes of orbital.

UNIT – 2 CHEMICAL BOND: Electrovalent covalent and co-valent bonds, hybridization (sp): hydrogen bond: shapes of molecules (VSEPR theory): bond polarity resonance, Elements of VBT.

UNIT – 3 SOLUTIONS: Modes of expressing concentrations of solutions: Types of solutions, Raoults law of colligative properties, non-ideal solution, and abnormal molecular weights.

UNIT – 4 SOLID STATE : Crystal lattices, unit cells, Structure of ionic compounds close packed structure, Ionic radii, imperfections (Point defects) : properties of solids.

UNIT – 5 NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY: Radio active radiations : Half-life, radioactive decay, group displacement law, structure and properties of nucleus : Nuclear reactions, disintegration series, artifical transmutation : Isotopes and their uses : Radio-carbon dating.

UNIT – 6 CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM: Chemical equilibrium, Law of mass action Kp and Kc : Le Chatelier principle and its applications.

UNIT – 7 IONIC EQUILIBRIUM: Ionic Equilibria in soloutions, Solubility product, common ion effect, theories of acids and base hydrolysis of salts : pH : buffers.

UNIT – 8 THERMOCHEMISTY AND THERMODYNAMICS: Energy changes during a chemical reaction intrinsic energy, enthalpy; First law of thermodynamics : Hesss law, heats of reactions; Second law of thermodynamics; entropy; free energy; spontaneity of a chemical reaction, free energy change and chemical equilibrium; free energy as energy available for useful work.

UNIT – 9 CHEMICAL KINETICS: Rate of a reaction, factors affecting the rate, rate constant, rate expression, order of reaction, first order rate constant-expression and characteristics, Arrhenous equation.

UNIT – 10 ELECTROCHEMISTRY: Oxidation, Oxidation number and ion-electron methods, Electrolytic conduction, Faradays laws: voltaic cell, electrode potentials, electromotive force, Gibbs energy and cell potentials, Nernst equation, commercial cells, fuel cell, electrochemical theory of corrosion.

UNIT – 11 SURFACE CHEMISTRY: Colloids and Catalysis, Adsorption, Colloids (types preparation and properties), Emulsions, Catalysis: Types and characteristics.

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

UNIT – 12 PPRINCIPLES OF METALLURGICAL OPERTAIONS: Furnaces, ore concentration, extraction, purification metallurgies of Na, Al, Fe, Cu, Ag, Zn and Pb and their properties.

UNIT – 13 CHEMICAL PERIODICITY: s, p, d, and f-block elements, periodic Table, periodicity, atomic and ionic radii valency, ionization energy, electron affinity, electro negativity, metallic character.

UNIT – 14 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ELEMENTS: Comparative, study of the following families of element: (i) Alkali metals (ii) Alkaline earth metals (iii) Nitrogen family (iv) Oxygen family (v) Halogens (vi) Noble gases.

UNIT – 15 TRANSITIONS METALS: Electronic configuration of 3rd Metal ions, oxidation states, other general characteristic properties, potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate.

UNIT – 16 CO-ORDINATION COMPOUND : Simple nomenclature, bonding and stability, classification and bonding in organometallics.

UNIT – 17 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS: Chemistry involved is simple inorganic qualitative analysis; calculations based on acid base titrimetry.

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

UNIT –18 CHEMISTRY OF HYDRO CARBON: Calculation of empirical and molecular formulae of organic compounds, Nomenclature of organic compounds, common functional groups, isomerism, Structure and shapes of alkanes, alkenes and benzene. Preparation, properties and uses of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes, benzene, petroleum, cracking, octane number, gasoline additives.

UNIT – 19 ORGANIC COMPOUNDS BASED ON FUNCTIONAL GROUP CONTAINING NITROGEN: Nomenclature, methods preparation, Chemical properties, correlations of physical properties with structures and uses of Nitro, Amino, Cyana and Diazo compounds.

UNIT – 20 ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING ORGANIC OXYGENS: Nomenclature, methods preparation, Chemical properties, correlations of physical properties with structures and uses of ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives.

UNIT –21 CHEMISTRY IN DAILY LIFE: Polymers: Classification, method of preparation, properties and uses of polymers, Dyes: Classification, Structure of some important dyes, Chemistry of Drug: Introduction and classification, Chemotherapy, Importance of drug (Antipyretic, Antiseptic, Antibiotic, Anesthetics), Chemistry in food, cosmetics and detergents.

UNIT – 22 BIOMOLECULES: Classification, Structures and biological importance of carbohydrates, amino acids, peptides, proteins and enzymes, nucleic acids and lipids.

Source : CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

For More Updates on : CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus and Entrance Test

CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus – Chhattisgarh Pre Engineering Test Physics Syllabus 2015

CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus CG PET 2015 Test Physics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Public and Private Engineering Colleges in Chhattisgarh State and searching for CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus are hereby informed that the Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board Raipur has Published CG PET 2015 Test Syllabus Interested Students can check CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus.

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus Consists of 18 Units. Students has to Cover All Units, Topics and Sub Topics Published Below Under CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus in order to Crack CG PET 2015 Physics Entrance Test.

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

Click here to check : CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus  CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus

CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus :

UNIT – 1 MEASUREMENT:

Units and dimensions, Fundamental and derived units, Dimensional analysis, S.I. Units.

UNIT – 2 KINEMATICS

Linear motion in one and two dimensions, Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration, General relation among position and velocity, Uniform circulation motion.

UNIT – 3 FORCE AND LAWS OF MOTION:

Force and inertia, Newtons law of motion, Conservation of momentum and energy Static and Kinetic friction, Uniform Circular motion.

UNIT – 4 WORK ENERGY AND POWER

Work done by force, energy, power, Elastic collisions, Potential energy, Gravitational potential energy and its angular conversion to kinetic energy, Potential energy of a spring.

UNIT – 5 ROTATIONAL MOTION AND MOMENT OF INERTIA

Rigid body rotation, couple, torque, angular momentum conservation of its momentum, Moment of inertia, theorems of parallel and perpendicular axis, (Moment of inertia of uniform ring, disc thin rod and cylinder only).

UNIT – 6 GRAVITATION:

Acceleration due to gravity and its variation, Universal law of gravitation, motion of satellites, escape velocity., Synchronous satellite and polar satellite.

UNIT – 7 PROPERTIES OF SOLID AND FLUIDS:

Elasticity, Hooks law, Youngs modulus, shear and bulk modulus, surface energy and surface tension, fluid pressure, atmospheric pressure, viscosity of fluids, kinetic theory of gases, gas laws, kinetic energy and temperature.

UNIT – 8 HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS:

Heat, Temperature, Thermometers, Specific heats at constant volume and constant pressure, Mechanical equivalent of heat isothermal and adiabatic processes.

Heat conduction in one dimension. Convection and radiation, Stefans law and Newtons law of cooling, Zeroth, First and Second law of thermodynamics.

UNIT – 9 OSCILLATION:

Periodic motion, simple harmonic motion, Oscillations in spring, Laws of simple pendulum.

UNIT – 10 WAVES

Transverse and longitudinal wave motion, Speed of sound, principle of super position, progressive and stationary waves, beats and Doppler effect.

UNIT – 11 LIGHT:

Wave nature of light, Interference, Youngs double slit experiment, velocity of light and Dopplers effect in light, Reflection, refraction, total internal reflection, curved mirrors, Lenses, mirror and lens formulae, Dispersion in prism, absorption and emission spectra, Optical instruments. The human eye, defects of vision, magnification and resolving power of telescope and microscope.

UNIT – 12 MAGNETISM

Bar magnet, lines of force, torque on a bar magnet due to magnetic field, earths magnetic field, tangent galvanometer, vibration magnetometer, Paramagnetic, di magnetic and ferromagnetic substances.

UNIT – 13 ELECTROSTATICS

Coulombs law of electrostatics, dielectric constant, electric field and potential due to a point charge, dipole, dipole field, Guasss law in simple geometric. Electrostatic potential, capacitance, parallel plate and spherical capacitors, capacitors in series and parallel, energy of a capacitor.

UNIT – 14 CURRENT ELECTRICITY

Electric current, Ohms law, Kirchiffs laws, resistances in series and parallel, temperature dependence of resistance, wheat stone bridge, and potentiometer. Measurement of voltages and currents.

UNIT – 15 EFFECT OF ELECTRIC CURRENT

Magnetic thermal and chemical effect of current, Electric power heating effects of currents, chemical effects and law of electrolysis, thermoelectricity, Biot-Savart law, Magnetic fields due to a straight wire, circular loop and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field (Lorentz force), Magnetic moment of a current loop, effect of a uniform magnetic field of a current loop, forces between two currents; moving galvanometer, ammeter and voltmeter.

UNIT – 16 ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ULTERNATING CURRENT:

Magnetic flux, Electromagnetic induction induced emf Faradays law, Lenzs law, self and mutual inductance, Alternating currents impedence and reactance growth and decay of current in L-R circuit, elementary idea of dynamo and transformer.

UNIT – 17 ELECTRON , PHOTON AND RADIO ACTIVITY:

e and e/m for an electron, photon, Einsteins photoelectric equation, photocells.

Bohr model of the atom, Hydrogen spectrum, Composition of nucleus, atomic masses and isotopes, radioactivity, laws of radio active decay, decay constant, half life and mean life, Mass-energy relation, fission, X-Ray : properties and uses.

UNIT – 18 SEMICONDUCTOR:

Elementary ideas of conductor, semi conductor and insulator, intrinsic and extrinsic semi-conductors, Diode, transistor, oscillator, digital circuit and logic gates.

Source : CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus

For More Updates on : CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus and Entrance Test

CG PET 2015 Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus – Chhattisgarh Pre Engineering Test Syllabus 2015

CG PET 2015 Syllabus CG PET 2015 Test Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Public and Private Engineering Colleges in Chhattisgarh State and searching for CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus are hereby informed that the Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board Raipur has Published CG PET 2015 Test Syllabus Interested Students can check CG PET 2015 Syllabus.

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus Includes CG PET 2015 Physics Syllabus, CG PET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus and CG PET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus. CG PPHT Syllabus Includes Subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology. Students has to Cover All Subjects, Topics and Sub Topics in order to Crack CG PET 2015 Entrance Test.

Chhattisgarh Entrance Test Syllabus 2015 :

CG PPHT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

Click here to check : CG PPHT 2015 Entrance Test  Syllabus  CG PET 2015 Syllabus

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus for Physics  CG PET 2015 Syllabus

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus for Chemistry  CG PET 2015 Syllabus

CG PET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus for Mathematics  CG PET 2015 Syllabus

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AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

March 11th, 2015 No comments

AP EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus – Andhra Pradesh State Engineering Agriculture Medical Common Entrance Test Syllabus 2015

AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus AP EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus has been Published. State Government of Andhra Pradesh has decided to conduct a Separate EAMCET for the Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Colleges in Andhra Pradesh. JNTU Kakinada which Organize AP EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test on the behalf of Andhra Pradesh State Council for Higher Education and has Published AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus.

AP EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus Includes AP EAMCET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus, AP EAMCET 2015 Physics Syllabus and AP EAMCET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus. Students who are aspiring to crack AP EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test has to Prepare each and every topic specified in AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus.

AP EAMCET Syllabus 2015 :

AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics  AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus for Physics  AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry  AP EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

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TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

February 28th, 2015 No comments

TS EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus – Telangana State Engineering Agriculture Medical Common Entrance Test Syllabus 2015

TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus TS EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus has been Published. State Government of Telangana has decided to conduct a Separate EAMCET for the Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Colleges in Telangana. So the Government has set a Committee to Specify the EAMCET 2015 Syllabus. State Council for Higher Education and JNTU Hyderabad which Organize EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test has Published TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus.

TS EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus Includes TS EAMCET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus, TS EAMCET 2015 Physics Syllabus and TS EAMCET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus. Students who are aspiring to crack TS EAMCET 2015 Entrance Test has to Prepare each and every topic specified in TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus.

TS EAMCET Syllabus 2015 :

TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics  TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus for Physics  TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry  TS EAMCET 2015 Syllabus

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