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JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus

April 13th, 2015 No comments

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Biology Syllabus 2015 – JCECE Biology Syllabus 2015

JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus has been Published. All Students who applied and aspires to appear for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test for Admission to B.Tech Engineering, MBBS Medical and Agriculture Programs in Various Public and Private Engineering and Medical Colleges inn the State of Jharkhand State through JCECE 2015 Entrance Test and Searching for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Biology Syllabus are hereby informed that the Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board has Published JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus.

Students who applied for PCM or  PCMB has to Prepare JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus. Students has to Cover All Topics and Sub Topics in the JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus in order to crack JCECE 2015 Biology Entrance Exam.

JCECE 2015 Syllabus :

JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus : 

1.

  • Diversity in Living World
  • Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
  • Cell : Structure and Functioning
  • Plant Physiology
  • Human Physiology

2.

  • Sexual Reproduction
  • Genetics and evolution
  • Biology and Human Welfare
  • Bio Technology and Its Application
  • Ecology and Environment

Source : JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus

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JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

April 13th, 2015 No comments

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Mathematics Syllabus 2015 – JCECE Mathematics Syllabus 2015

JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus JCECE 2015 Maths Syllabus has been Published. All Students who applied and aspires to appear for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test for Admission to B.Tech Engineering, MBBS Medical and Agriculture Programs in Various Public and Private Engineering and Medical Colleges inn the State of Jharkhand State through JCECE 2015 Entrance Test and Searching for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus are hereby informed that the Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board has Published JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus.

Students who applied for PCM or  PCMB has to Prepare JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus. Students has to Cover All Topics and Sub Topics in the JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus in order to crack JCECE 2015 Mathematics Entrance Exam.

JCECE 2015 Syllabus :

JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus : 

SETS AND FUNCTIONS

  • Sets
  • Relations & Functions
  • Trigonometric Functions

ALGEBRA

  • Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Linear Inequalities
  • Permutations & Theorem
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Sequence and Series

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

  • Straight Lines
  • Conic Section
  • lntroduction to Three-dimensional Geometry

CALCULUS

  • Limits and Derivatives

MATHEMATICAL REASONING

  • Mathematical Reasoning

STATISTICS & PROBABILITY

  • Statistics
  • Probability

RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS

  • Relations and Functions
  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions

ALGEBRA

  • Matrices
  • Determinants

CALCULUS

  • Continuity and Differentiability
  • Applications of Derivatives
  • Integrals
  • Applications of the Integrals
  • Differential Equations

VECTORS AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY

  • Vectors
  • three – dimensional Geometry

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

  • Linear Programming

PROBABILTY

  • Probability

Source : JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

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JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

April 13th, 2015 No comments

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Chemistry Syllabus 2015 – JCECE Chemistry Syllabus 2015

JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus has been Published. All Students who applied and aspires to appear for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test for Admission to B.Tech Engineering, MBBS Medical and Agriculture Programs in Various Public and Private Engineering and Medical Colleges inn the State of Jharkhand State through JCECE 2015 Entrance Test and Searching for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Chemistry Syllabus are hereby informed that the Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board has Published JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus.

Students who applied for PCM or PCB or PCMB has to Prepare JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus. Students has to Cover All Topics and Sub Topics in the JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus in order to crack JCECE 2015 Chemistry Entrance Exam.

JCECE 2015 Syllabus :

JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus : 

  1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  2. Structure of Atom
  3. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  4. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  5. States of Matter – gases and liquids
  6. Thermodynamics
  7. Equilibrium
  8. Redox Reactions
  9. Hydrogen
  10. S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) Group 1 and Group 2 elements
  11. Preparation and properties of some important compounds
  12. Some P-Block Elements
  13. General introduction to p-Block Elements Group 13 elements
  14. Hydrocarbons
  15. Environmental Chemistry
  16. Solid State
  17. Solutions
  18. Electro chemistry
  19. Chemical Kinetics
  20. Surface Chemistry
  21. Generla Principles and Processes of lsolation of Elements
  22. P-Block Elements
  23. D and F Block Elements
  24. Coordination Compounds
  25. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  26. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  27. Polymers
  28. Chemistry in Everyday life

Source : JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

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JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus

April 13th, 2015 No comments

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Physics Syllabus 2015 – JCECE Physics Syllabus 2015

JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who applied and aspires to appear for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test for Admission to B.Tech Engineering, MBBS Medical and Agriculture Programs in Various Public and Private Engineering and Medical Colleges inn the State of Jharkhand State through JCECE 2015 Entrance Test and Searching for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus are hereby informed that the Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board has Published JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus.

Students who applied for PCM or PCB or PCMB has to Prepare JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus. Students has to Cover All Topics and Sub Topics in the JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus in order to crack JCECE 2015 Physics Entrance Exam.

JCECE 2015 Syllabus :

JCECE 2015 Syllabus for Physics JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus :

Physical World and Measurement :

Physics – scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; physics, technology and society. Need for measurement:
Units of measurement; systems of units; Sl units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement, significant figures. Dimensions of phycical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

Kinematics :

Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line :Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velociy. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time position-time graphs, reations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

Elementary concepts of differentation and integration fro describing motion.

Scalar and vector quantities: position and displacement vectorsgeneral vectors and notation equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number, addition and subtraction of vectros. Relative velocity.

Unit vector; Resolution of a vector in plane-rectangular components. motion in a plane. Cases of uniform circular motion.

Laws of Motion :

Intuitive conept of force. Inertia, Newtons first law of motion; momentum and Newtons second law of motion; impulse;
Newtons third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force,
examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

Work, Energy and Power :

Scalar product of vectors. Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body :

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conversation and center of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod Vector product of vectors; moment of force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational
motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration.

Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (on derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications

Gravitation :

Keplars laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary
satellites.

Properties of Bulk Matter :

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hookes law, Youngs modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity.
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascals law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes). Effect of gravity of fiuid pressure. Viscosity, Stokes law, terminal velocity, Reynolds number, streamline and turbulent flow. Bernoullis theorem and its
applications.

Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory :

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; rms speed of gas molecules, degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heats of gases; concept of mean free path. Avogadros number.

Oscil llations and Waves :

Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacements as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase, oscillations of a springrestoring force and force constant, energy in S.H.M -kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. displacement relation for a progressive
wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.

Unit I: Electrostatics : Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulombs law force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.

Electric flux, statement of Gausss theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges, equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor. Van de Graaff generator.

Current Electricity :

Electric curren, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current, Ohms law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity. Cardon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistors, temperature dependence of resistance.

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoffs laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metttre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potenatial difference and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Magnetic Effects of current and Magnetism :

Concept of magnetic field, Oersteds experiment. Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Amperes law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loog in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loog as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.

Mangetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earths magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-dia-and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their stengths. Permanent magnets.

Electromagnetic and Alternating Currents :

Electromagnetic induction; Faradays law, induced emf and current; Lenzs Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
Need for displacement current. Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.

Electromagnetic waves

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Optics

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection an its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-makers formula Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism. Scattering of light – blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.

Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia and astigmatism) using lenses. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics: wave front and Huygens principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, youngs double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustanined interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewsters law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation :

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenards observationsl; Einsteins photoelectric equationparticle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson- Germer experiment.

Atoms & Nuclei :

Alpha-pariticle scattering experiment, Rutherfords model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isptones. Radioactivity alpha, beta and gamme particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number nuclear fission and fusion.

Electronic Devices :

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode – I – V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I – V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and zener diode; zener diode as a voltage regulator Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

Communication Systems :

Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data); bandwidth of
transmission medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation. Need for modulation. Production and detection of an amplitued-modulated wave.

Source : JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus

For more Updates on JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Syllabus

April 13th, 2015 No comments

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Syllabus 2015 – JCECE Syllabus 2015

JCECE 2015 Syllabus JCECE 2015 Syllabus has been Published. All Students who applied and aspires to appear for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test for Admission to B.Tech Engineering, MBBS Medical and Agriculture Programs in Various Public and Private Engineering and Medical Colleges inn the State of Jharkhand State through JCECE 2015 Entrance Test and Searching for JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus are hereby informed that the Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board has Published JCECE 2015 JCECE 2015 Syllabus.

JCECE 2015 Syllabus Includes JCECE 2015 Physics Syllabus, JCECE 2015 Chemistry Syllabus, JCECE 2015 Mathematics Syllabus and JCECE 2015 Biology Syllabus. Students who selected for PCM Group has to prepare for Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics, Students who selected for PCB Group has to Prepare Physics, Chemistry & Biology and Students who opted for PCMB Group has to prepare Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology.

JCECE 2015 Syllabus :

JCECE 2015 Syllabus for Physics  JCECE 2015 Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry JCECE 2015 Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics JCECE 2015 Syllabus

JCECE 2015 Syllabus for Biology JCECE 2015 Syllabus

For more Updates on JCECE 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus

AUEET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus

April 3rd, 2015 No comments

Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Chemistry Syllabus 2015 – AUEET Chemistry Syllabus 2015

AUEET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus Andhra University AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Chemistry Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Andhra University through AUEET 2015 Chemistry Entrance Test and searching for AUEET 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the Andhra University Admission Department has Published AUEET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus. Students who applied and Interested to check AUEET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus can check Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Chemistry Syllabus 2015.

AUEET Chemistry Syllabus 2015 includes Several Topics and Sub Topics. . Students has to Cover All Subjects, Topics and Sub Topics in AUEET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus in order to Crack AUEET 2015 Chemistry Entrance Test. 

AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

Click here to check : Andhra University – AUEET 2015 Syllabus

AUEET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus :

1) ATOMIC STRUCTURE:

Introduction Sub- atomic particles Atomic models – Thomsons Model Rutherfords Nuclear model of atom, Drawbacks Developments to the Bohrs model of atom Nature of electromagnetic radiation Particle nature of electromagnetic radiation- Plancks quantum theory Bohrs model for Hydrogen atom Explanation of line spectrum of hydrogen Limitations of Bohrs model Quantum mechanical considerations of sub atomic particles Dual behaviour of matter Heisenbergs uncertainty principle Quantum mechanical model of an atom. Important features of Quantum mechanical model of atom Orbitals and quantum numbers Shapes of atomic orbitals Energies of orbitals Filling of orbitals in atoms. Aufbau Principle, Paulis exclusion Principle and Hunds rule of maximum multiplicity Electronic configurations of atoms Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

2) CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES:

Need to classify elements Genesis of periodic classification Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100 Electronic configuration of elements and the periodic table Electronic configuration and types of elements s,p,d.and f blocks Trends in physical properties: (a) Atomic radius, (b) Ionic radius (c)Variation of size in inner transition elements, (d) Ionization enthalpy, (e) Electron gain enthalpy, (f) Electro negativity Periodic trends in chemical properties: (a) Valence or Oxidation states, (b) Anomalous properties of second period elements – diagonal relationship Periodic trends and chemical reactivity.

3) CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE:

Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bonding, Octet rule, Representation of simple molecules, formal charges, limitations of octat rule Ionic or electrovalent bond – Factors favourable for the formation of ionic compounds-Crystal structure of sodium chloride, Lattice enthalpy General properties of ionic compounds Bond Parameters – bond length, bond angle, and bond enthalpy, bond order, resonance-Polarity of bonds dipole moment Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theories Predicting the geometry of simple molecules Valence bond theory- Orbital overlap concept-Directional properties of bonds-overlapping of atomic orbitals strength of sigma and pi bonds- Factors favouring the formation of covalent bonds Hybridisation- different types of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals- shapes of simple covalent molecules Coordinate bond -definition with examples Molecular orbital theory – Formation of molecular orbitals, Linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO)-conditions for combination of atomic orbitals – Energy level diagrams for molecular orbitals -Bonding in some homo nuclear diatomic molecules- H2, He2, Li2, B2, C2, N2 and O2 Hydrogen bonding-cause of formation of hydrogen bond – Types of hydrogen bonds-inter and intra molecular- General properties of hydrogen bonds.

4) STATES OF MATTER: GASES AND LIQUIDS:

Intermolecular forces Thermal Energy Intermolecular forces Vs Thermal interactions The Gaseous State The Gas Laws Ideal gas equation Grahams law of diffusion – Daltons Law of partial pressures Kinetic molecular theory of gases Kinetic gas equation of an ideal gas (No derivation) deduction of gas laws from Kinetic gas equation Distribution of molecular speeds – rms, average and most probable speeds-Kinetic energy of gas molecules Behaviour of real gases – Deviation from Ideal gas behaviour – Compressibility factor Vs Pressure diagrams of real gases Liquefaction of gases Liquid State – Properties of Liquids in terms of Inter molecular interactions – Vapour pressure, Viscosity and Surface tension (Qualitative idea only. No mathematical derivation).

5) STOICHIOMETRY:

Some Basic Concepts – Properties of matter – uncertainty in Measurement-significant figures, dimensional analysis Laws of Chemical Combinations – Law of Conservation of Mass, Law of Definite Proportions, Law of Multiple Proportions, Gay Lussacs Law of Gaseous Volumes, Daltons Atomic Theory, Avogadro Law, Principles, Examples Atomic and molecular masses- mole concept and molar mass. Concept of equivalent weight Percentage composition of compounds and calculations of empirical and molecular formulae of compounds Stoichiometry and stoichiometric calculations Methods of Expressing concentrations of solutions-mass percent, mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality Redox reactionsclassical idea of redox reactions, oxidation and reduction reactions-redox reactions in terms of electron transfer Oxidation number concept Types of Redox reactions-combination, decomposition, displacement and disproportionation reactions Balancing of redox reactions – oxidation number method Half reaction (ion-electron) method Redox reactions in Titrimetry.

6) THERMODYNAMICS:

Thermodynamic Terms The system and the surroundings Types of systems and surroundings The state of the system The Internal Energy as a State Function. (a) Work (b) Heat (c) The general case, the first law of Thermodynamics Applications Work Enthalpy, H- a useful new state function Extensive and intensive properties Heat capacity The relationship between Cp and Cv Measurement of U and H: Calorimetry Enthalpy change, rH of reactions – reaction Enthalpy (a) Standard enthalpy of reactions, (b) Enthalpy changes during transformations, (c) Standard enthalpy of formation, (d) Thermo chemical equations (e) Hesss law of constant Heat summation Enthalpies for different types of reactions. (a) Standard enthalpy of combustion (cHe), (b) Enthalpy of atomization (aHe), phase transition, sublimation and ionization, (c) Bond Enthalpy (bondHe ), (d) Enthalpy of solution (solHe) and dilution Spontaneity. (a) Is decrease in enthalpy a criterion for spontaneity? (b) Entropy and spontaneity, the second law of thermodynamics, (c) Gibbs Energy and spontaneity Gibbs Energy change and equilibrium Absolute entropy and the third law of thermodynamics.

7) CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM AND ACIDS-BASES:

Equilibrium in Physical process Equilibrium in chemical process – Dynamic Equilibrium Law of chemical Equilibrium – Law of mass action and Equilibrium constant Homogeneous Equilibria, Equilibrium constant in gaseous systems. Relationship between KP and Kc Heterogeneous Equilibria Applications of Equilibrium constant Relationship between Equilibrium constant K, reaction quotient Q and Gibbs energy G Factors affecting Equilibria.-Le-chatlier principle application to industrial synthesis of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide Ionic Equilibrium in solutions Acids, bases and salts- Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis concepts of acids and bases Ionisation of Acids and Bases -Ionisation constant of water and its ionic product- pH scale-ionisation constants of weak acids-ionisation of weak bases-relation between Ka and Kb-Di and poly basic acids and di and poly acidic Bases- Factors affecting acid strength-Common ion effect in the ionization of acids and bases-Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions Buffer solutions-designing of buffer solution-Preparation of Acidic buffer Solubility Equilibria of sparingly soluble salts. Solubility product constant Common ion effect on solubility of Ionic salts.

8) HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS:

Position of hydrogen in the periodic table Dihydrogen- Occurance and Isotopes Preparation of Dihydrogen Properties of Dihydrogen Hydrides: Ionic, covalent, and non-stiochiometric hydrides Water: Physical properties structure of water, ice. Chemical properties of water hard and soft water, Temporary and permanent hardness of water Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation Physical properties structure and chemical properties storage and uses Heavy Water Hydrogen as a fuel.

9) THE s – BLOCK ELEMENTS (ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS)

Group 1 Elements : Alkali metals Electronic configurations Atomic and Ionic radii Ionization enthalpy Hydration enthalpy Physical properties Chemical properties Uses General characteristics of the compounds of the alkali metals: Oxides Halides Salts of oxo Acids Anomalous properties of Lithium: Differences and similarities with other alkali metals, Diagonal relationship similarities between Lithium and Magnesium Some important compounds of Sodium: Sodium Carbonate Sodium Chloride Sodium Hydroxide Sodium hydrogen carbonate Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium.

Group 2 Elements: Alkaline earth elements Electronic configuration Ionization enthalpy Hydration enthalpy Physical properties, Chemical properties Uses General characteristics of compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals: Oxides, hydroxides, halides, salts of oxoacids (Carbonates Sulphates and Nitrates) Anomalous behavior of Beryllium its diagonal relationship with Aluminium Some important compounds of calcium: Preparation and uses of Calcium Oxide Calcium Hydroxide Calcium Carbonate Plaster of Paris Cement Biological importance of Calcium and Magnesium.

10) p- BLOCK ELEMENTS GROUP 13 (BORON FAMILY):

General introduction – Electronic configuration, Atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electro negativity Physical &amp Chemical properties Important trends and anomalous properties of boron Some important compounds of boron – Borax, Ortho boric acid,diborane Uses of boron, aluminium and their compounds.

11) p-BLOCK ELEMENTS – GROUP 14 (CARBON FAMILY):

General introduction – Electronic configuration, Atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electro negativity Physical &amp Chemical properties Important trends and anomalous properties of carbon Allotropes of carbon Uses of carbon Some important compounds of carbon and silicon – carbonmonoxide, carbon dioxide,Silica, silicones, silicates and zeolites.

12) ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY:

Definition of terms: Air, Water and Soil Pollutions Environmental Pollution Atmospheric pollution Tropospheric Pollution Gaseous Air Pollutants (Oxides of Sulphur Oxides of Nitrogen Hydro Carbons Oxides of Carbon (CO CO2). Global warming and Green house effect Acid Rain- Particulate Pollutants- Smog Stratospheric Pollution: Formation and breakdown of Ozone- Ozone hole- effects of depletion of the Ozone Layer Water Pollution: Causes of Water Pollution International standards for drinking water Soil Pollution: Pesticides, Industrial Wastes Strategies to control environmental pollution- waste Management- collection and disposal Green Chemistry: Green chemistry in day-to-day life Dry cleaning of clothes Bleaching of paper Synthesis of chemicals

13) ORGANIC CHEMISTRY-SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES AND HYDROCARBONS:

General introduction Tetravalency of Carbon: shapes of organic compounds Structural representations of organic compounds Classification of organic compounds Nomenclature of organic compounds Isomerism Fundamental concepts in organic reaction mechanisms Fission of covalent bond Nucleophiles and electrophiles Electron movements in organic reactions Electron displacement effects in covalent bonds: inductive effect, resonance, resonance effect, electromeric effect, hyperconjugation Types of Organic reactions Methods of purification of organic compounds Qualitative elemental analysis of organic compounds Quantitative elemental analysis of organic compounds. HYDROCARBONS Classification of Hydrocarbons Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism (structural and conformations of ethane only) Preparation of alkanes Properties – Physical properties and chemical Reactivity, Substitution reactions – Halogenation(free radical mechanism), Combustion, Controlled Oxidation, Isomerisation, Aromatization, reaction with steam and Pyrolysis Alkenes- Nomenclature, structure of ethene, Isomerism(structural and geometrical) Methods of preparation Properties- Physical and chemical reactions: Addition of Hydrogen, halogen, water, sulphuric acid, Hydrogen halides (Mechanism- ionic and peroxide effect, Markovnikovs, antiMarkovnikovs or Kharasch effect). Oxidation, Ozonolysis and Polymerization Alkynes – Nomenclature and isomerism, structure of acetylene. Methods of preparation of acetylene Physical properties, Chemical reactions- acidic character of acetylene, addition reactions- of hydrogen, Halogen, Hydrogen halides and water. Polymerization Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Nomenclature and isomerism, Structure of benzene, Resonance and aromaticity Preparation of benzene. Physical properties. Chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Electrophilic substitution reactions- Nitration, Sulphonation, Halogenation, Friedel-Craft alkylation and acylation Directive influence of functional groups in mono substituted benzene, Carcinogenicity and toxicity

14) SOLID STATE:

General characteristics of solid state Amorphous and crystalline solids Classification of crystalline solids based on different binding forces (molecular, ionic, metallic and covalent solids) Probing the structure of solids: X-ray crystallography Crystal lattices and unit cells. Bravais lattices primitive and centred unit cells Number of atoms in a unit cell (primitive, body centred and face centred cubic unit cell) Close packed structures: Close packing in one dimension, in two dimensions and in three dimensions- tetrahedral and octahedral voids- formula of a compound and number of voids filledlocating tetrahedral and octahedral voids Packing efficiency in simple cubic, bcc and in hcp, ccp lattice Calculations involving unit cell dimensions-density of the unit cell Imperfections in solids-types of point defects-stoichiometric and non- stoichiometric defects Electrical properties-conduction of electricity in metals, semiconductors and insulators- band theory of metals Magnetic properties.

15) SOLUTIONS:

Types of solutions Expressing concentration of solutions – mass percentage, volume percentage, mass by volume percentage, parts per million, mole fraction, molarity and molality Solubility: Solubility of a solid in a liquid, solubility of a gas in a liquid, Henrys law Vapour pressure of liquid solutions: vapour pressure of liquid- liquid solutions. Raoults law as a special case of Henrys law -vapour pressure of solutions of solids in liquids Ideal and non-ideal solutions Colligative properties and determination of molar mass-relative lowering of vapour pressure-elevation of boiling point-depression of freezing point-osmosis and osmotic pressure-reverse osmosis and water purification Abnormal molar masses-vant Hoff factor.

16) ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS:

ELECTROCHEMISTRY: Electrochemical cells Galvanic cells: measurement of electrode potentials Nernst equation-equilibrium constant from Nernst equation- electrochemical cell and Gibbs energy of the cell reaction Conductance of electrolytic solutions- measurement of the conductivity of ionic solutionsvariation of conductivity and molar conductivity with concentration-strong electrolytes and weak electrolytes-applications of Kohlrauschs law Electrolytic cells and electrolysis: Faradays laws of electrolysis-products of electrolysis Batteries: primary batteries and secondary batteries Fuel cells Corrosion of metals-Hydrogen economy.

CHEMICAL KINETICS:

Rate of a chemical reaction Factors influencing rate of a reaction: dependance of rate on concentration- rate expression and rate constant- order of a reaction, molecularity of a reaction Integrated rate equations-zero order reactions-first order reactions- half life of a reaction Pseudo first order reaction Temperature dependence of the rate of a reaction -effect of catalyst Collision theory of chemical reaction rates.

17) SURFACE CHEMISTRY:

Adsorption and absorption: Distinction between adsorption and absorptionmechanism of adsorption-types of adsorption-characteristics of physisorption-characteristics of chemisorptions-adsorption isotherms-adsorption from solution phase- applications of adsorption Catalysis: Catalysts, promoters and poisons-auto catalysis- homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysisadsorption theory of heterogeneous catalysis-important features of solid catalysts: (a)activity (b)selectivity-shape-selective catalysis by zeolites-enzyme catalysis-characteristics and mechanismcatalysts in industry Colloids Classification of colloids: Classification based on physical state of dispersed phase and dispersion medium- classification based on nature of interaction between dispersed phase and dispersion medium- classification based on type of particles of the dispersed phase- multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids- cleansing action of soaps-preparation of colloids-purification of colloidal solutions- properties of colloidal solutions: Tyndal effect, colour, Brownian movement-charge on colloidal particles, electrophoresis Emulsions Colloids Around us- application of colloids.

18) GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALLURGY:

Occurance of metals Concentration of ores-levigation, magnetic separation, froth floatation, leaching Extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore-conversion to oxide, reduction of oxide to the metal Thermodynamic principles of metallurgy – Ellingham diagram-limitations-applications-extraction of iron, copper and zinc from their oxides Electrochemical principles of metallurgy Oxidation and reduction Refining of crude metal-distillation, liquation poling, electrolysis, zone refining and vapour phase refining Uses of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

19) p-BLOCK ELEMENTS:

GROUP-15 ELEMENTS : Occurance- electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionisation enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties Dinitrogen-preparation, properties and uses Compounds of nitrogen-preparation and properties of ammonia Oxides of nitrogen Preparation and properties of nitric acid Phosphorous-allotropic forms Phosphine-preparation and properties Phosphorous halides Oxoacids of phosphorous GROUP-16 ELEMENTS: Occurance- electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionisation enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties Dioxygen-preparation, properties and uses Simple oxides Ozonepreparation, properties, structure and uses Sulphur-allotropic forms Sulphur dioxide-preparation, properties and uses Oxoacids of sulphur Sulphuric acid-industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses. GROUP-17 ELEMENTS: Occurance, electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionisation enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties Chlorinepreparation, properties and uses Hydrogen chloride- preparation, properties and uses Oxoacids of halogens Interhalogen compounds. GROUP-18 ELEMENTS : Occurance, electronic configuration, ionization enthalpy, atomic radii electron gain enthalpy, physical and chemical properties(a) Xenonfluorine compounds- XeF2,XeF4 and XeF6 -preparation, hydrolysis and formation of fluoro anionsstructures of XeF2, XeF4 and XeF6 (b) Xenon-oxygen compounds XeO3 and XeOF4 – their formation and structures

20) d AND f BLOCK ELEMENTS &amp COORDINATION COMPOUNDS:

d AND f BLOCK ELEMENTS : Position in the periodic table Electronic configuration of the d-block elements General properties of the transition elements (d-block) -physical properties, variation in atomic and ionic sizes of transition series, ionisation enthalpies, oxidation states, trends in the M²+/M and M³+/M²+ standard electrode potentials, trends in stability of higher oxidation states, chemical reactivity and Eè values, magnetic properties, formation of coloured ions, formation of complex compounds, catalytic properties, formation of interstitial compounds, alloy formation Some important compounds of transition elements-oxides and oxoanions of metals-preparation and properties of potassium dichromate and potassium permanganate-structures of chromate, dichromate, manganate and permanganate ions Inner transition elements(f-block)-lanthanoids- electronic configuration-atomic and ionic sizes-oxidation states- general characteristics Actinoids-electronic configuration atomic and ionic sizes, oxidation states, general characteristics and comparison with lanthanoids Some applications of d and f block elements. COORDINATION COMPOUNDS: Werners theory of coordination compounds Definitions of some terms used in coordination compounds Nomenclature of coordination compounds-IUPAC nomenclature Isomerism in coordination compounds- (a)Stereo isomerism-Geometrical and optical isomerism (b)Structural isomerism-linkage, coordination, ionisation and hydrate isomerism Bonding in coordination compounds. (a)Valence bond theory – magnetic properties of coordination compoundslimitations of valence bond theory (b) Crystal field theory (i) Crystal field splitting in octahedral and tetrahedral coordination entities (ii) Colour in coordination compounds-limitations of crystal field theory Bonding in metal carbonyls Stability of coordination compounds Importance and applications of coordination compounds.

21) POLYMERS:

Introduction Classification of Polymers -Classification based on source, structure, mode of polymerization, molecular forces and growth polymerization Types of polymerization reactionsaddition polymerization or chain growth polymerization-ionic polymerization, free radical mechanismpreparation of addition polymers-polythene, teflon and polyacrylonitrile-condensation polymerization or step growth polymerization- polyamides-preparation of Nylon 6,6 and nylon 6-poly esters-terylenebakelite, melamine-formaldehyde polymer copolymerization-Rubber-natural rubber-vulcanisation ofrubber-Synthetic rubbers-preparation of neoprene and buna-N Molecular mass of polymers-number average and weight average molecular masses- poly dispersity index(PDI) Biodegradable polymers- PHBV, Nylon 2-nylon 6 Polymers of commercial importance-poly propene, poly styrene, poly vinyl chloride(PVC), urea-formaldehyde resin, glyptal, bakelite- their monomers, structures and uses

22) BIOMOLECULES:

Carbohydrates – Classification of carbohydrates- Monosaccharides: preparation of glucose from sucrose and starch- Properties and structure of glucose- D,L and (+), (-) configurations of glucose- Structure of fructose Disaccharides: Sucrose- preparation, structure- Invert sugar- Structures of maltose and lactose-Polysaccharides: Structures of starch cellulose and glycogen- Importance of carbohydrates Aminoacids: Natural aminoacids-classification of aminoacids – structures and D and L forms-Zwitter ions Proteins: Structures, classification, fibrous and globular- primary, secondary, tertiary and quarternary structures of proteins- Denaturation of proteins Enzymes: Enzymes, mechanism of enzyme action Vitamins: Explanation-names- classification of vitamins – sources of vitamins-deficiency diseases of different types of vitamins Nucleic acids: chemical composition of nucleic acids, structures of nucleic acids, DNA finger printing biological functions of nucleic acids Hormones: Definition, different types of hormones, their production, biological activity, diseases due to their abnormal activities.

23) CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE:

Drugs and their classification: (a) Classification of drugs on the basis of pharmocological effect (b) Classification of drugs on the basis of drug action (c) Classification of drugs on the basis of chemical structure (d) Classification of drugs on the basis of molecular targets Drug-Target interaction-Enzymes as drug targets (a) Catalytic action of enzymes (b) Drug-enzyme interaction Receptors as drug targets Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs: antacids, antihistamines, neurologically active drugs: tranquilizers, analgesics-non- narcotic, narcotic analgesics, antimicrobials-antibiotics, antiseptics and disinfectants- antifertility drugs Chemicals in food-artificial sweetening agents, food preservatives, antioxidants in food Cleansing agents-soaps and synthetic detergents – types and examples.

24) HALOALKANES AND HALOARENES:

Classification and nomenclature Nature of C-X bond Methods of preparation: Alkyl halides and aryl halides-from alcohols, from hydrocarbons (a) by free radical halogenation (b) by electrophilic substitution (c) by replacement of diazonium group(Sandmeyer reaction) (d) by the addition of hydrogen halides and halogens to alkenes-by halogen exchange(Finkelstein reaction) Physical properties-melting and boiling points, density and solubility Chemical reactions: Reactions of haloalkanes (i)Nucleophilic substitution reactions (a) SN² mechanism (b) SN¹ mechanism (c) stereochemical aspects of nucleophilic substitution reactions-optical activity (ii) Elimination reactions (iii) Reaction with metals-Reactions of haloarenes: (i) Nucleophilic substitution (ii)Electrophilic substitution and (iii) Reaction with metals Polyhalogen compounds: Uses and environmental effects of dichloro methane, trichloromethane, triiodomethane, tetrachloro methane, freons and DDT

25) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING C, H AND O (Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, Aldehydes,

Ketones and Carboxylic acids):

ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS Alcohols,phenols and ethers -classification Nomenclature: (a)Alcohols, (b)phenols and (c) ethers Structures of hydroxy and ether functional groups Methods of preparation: Alcohols from alkenes and carbonyl compounds (reduction and reaction with Grignard reagents) Phenols from haloarenes, benzene sulphonic acid, diazonium salts, cumene Physical propertics of alcohols and phenols Chemical reactions of alcohols and phenols (i) Reactions involving cleavage of O-H bond-Acidity of alcohols and phenols, esterification (ii) Reactions involving cleavage of C-O bondreactions with HX, PX3, dehydration and oxidation (iii) Reactions of phenols- electrophilic aromatic substitution, Kolbes reaction, Reimer – Tiemann reaction, reaction with zinc dust, oxidation Commercially important alcohols (methanol,ethanol) Ethers-Methods of preparation: By dehydration of alcohols, Williamson synthesis- Physical properties-Chemical reactions: Cleavage of C-O bond and electrophilic substitution of aromatic ethers.

ALDEHYDES AND KETONES : Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group Preparation of aldehydes and ketones-(1) by oxidation of alcohols (2) by dehydrogenation of alcohols (3) from hydrocarbons -Preparation of aldehydes (1) from acyl chlorides (2) from nitriles and esters(3) from hydrocarbons-Preparation of ketones(1) from acyl chlorides (2)from nitriles (3)from benzene or substituted benzenes Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones Chemical reactions of aldehydes and ketonesnucleophilic addition, reduction, oxidation, reactions due to – Hydrogen and other reactions (Cannizzaro reaction,electrophilic substitution reaction) Uses of aldehydes and ketones.

CARBOXYLIC ACIDS

Nomenclature and structure of carboxylgroup Methods of preparation of carboxylic acids (1)from primary alcohols and aldehydes (2) from alkylbenzenes(3)from nitriles and amides (4)from Grignard reagents (5) from acyl halides and anhydrides (6) from esters Physical properties Chemical reactions: (i) Reactions involving cleavage of O-H bond-acidity, reactions with metals and alkalies (ii) Reactions involving cleavage of C-OH bond-formation of anhydride, reactions with PCl5, PCl3, SOCl2, esterification and reaction with ammonia (iii) Reactions involving-COOH group- reduction, decarboxylation (iv) Substitution reactions in the hydrocarbon part – halogenation and ring substitution Uses of carboxylic acids.

26) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN:

AMIESStructure of amines Classification Nomenclature Preparation of amines: reduction of nitro compounds, ammonolysis of alkyl halides, reduction of nitriles, reduction of amides, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis and Hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction Physical properties Chemical reactions: basic character of amines, alkylation, acylation, carbyl amine reaction, reaction with nitrous acid, reaction with aryl sulphonyl chloride, electrophilic substitution of aromatic amines-bromination, nitration and sulphonation.

DIAZONIUM SALTS

Methods of preparation of diazonium salts (by diazotization) Physical properties Chemical reactions: Reactions involving displacement of Nitrogen Sandmeyer reaction, Gatterman reaction, replacement by i) iodiode and fluoride ions ii) hydrogen, hydroxyl and Nitro groups reactions involving retention of diazo group coupling reactions Importance of diazonium salts in synthesis of aromatic compounds.

CYANIDES AND ISOCYANIDES

Structure and nomenclature of cyanides and isocyanides Preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions of cyanides and isocyanides

AUEET 2015 Physics Syllabus

April 3rd, 2015 No comments

Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Physics Syllabus 2015 – AUEET Physics Syllabus 2015

AUEET 2015 Physics Syllabus Andhra University AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Andhra University through AUEET 2015 Physics Entrance Test and searching for AUEET 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the Andhra University Admission Department has Published AUEET 2015 Physics Syllabus. Students who applied and Interested to check AUEET 2015 Physics Syllabus can check Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Physics Syllabus 2015.

AUEET Physics Syllabus 2015 includes Several Topics and Sub Topics. . Students has to Cover All Subjects, Topics and Sub Topics in AUEET 2015 Physics Syllabus in order to Crack AUEET 2015 Physics Entrance Test. 

AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

Click here to check : Andhra University – AUEET 2015 Syllabus

AUEET 2015 Physics Syllabus :

1) PHYSICAL WORLD:

What is physics?, Scope and excitement of Physics, Physics, technology and society, Fundamental forces in nature, Gravitational Force, Electromagnetic Force, Strong Nuclear Force, Weak Nuclear Force, Towards Unification of Forces, Nature of physical laws.

2) UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS:

Introduction , The international system of units, Measurement of Length, Measurement of Large Distances, Estimation of Very Small Distances: Size of a Molecule, Range of Lengths, Measurement of Mass, Range of Masses, Measurement of time , Accuracy, precision of instruments and errors in measurement, Systematic errors, random errors, least count error, Absolute Error, Relative Error and Percentage Error, Combination of Errors, Significant figures, Rules for Arithmetic Operations with Significant Figures, Rounding off the Uncertain Digits, Rules for Determining the Uncertainty in the Results of Arithmetic Calculations, Dimensions of Physical Quantities, Dimensional Formulae and dimensional equations, Dimensional Analysis and its Applications, Checking the Dimensional Consistency of Equations, Deducing Relation among the Physical Quantities.

3) MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE:

Introduction, Position, path length and displacement, Average velocity and average speed, Instantaneous velocity and speed, Acceleration, Kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion, Relative velocity.

4) MOTION IN A PLANE:

Introduction, Scalars and vectors, Position and Displacement Vectors, Equality of Vectors, Multiplication of vectors by real numbers, Addition and subtraction of vectors – graphical method, Resolution of vectors, Vector addition – analytical method, Motion in a plane, Position Vector and Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration, Motion in a plane with constant acceleration, Relative velocity in two dimensions, Projectile motion, Equation of path of a projectile, Time of Maximum height, Maximum height of a projectile, Horizontal range of projectile, Uniform circular motion.

5) LAWS OF MOTION:

Introduction, Aristotles fallacy, The law of inertia, Newtons first law of motion, Newtons second law of motion, Newtons third law of motion, Impulse, Conservation of momentum, Equilibrium of a particle, Common forces in mechanics, friction, Circular motion, Motion of a car on a level road, Motion of a car on a Banked road, Solving problems in mechanics.

6) WORK, ENERGY AND POWER:

Introduction, The Scalar Product, Notions of work and kinetic energy: The work-energy theorem, Work, Kinetic energy, Work done by a variable force, The work-energy theorem for a variable force, The concept of Potential Energy, The conservation of Mechanical Energy, The Potential Energy of a spring, Various forms of energy: the law of conservation of energy, Heat, Chemical Energy, Electrical Energy, The Equivalence of Mass and Energy, Nuclear Energy, The Principle of Conservation of Energy, Power, Collisions, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Collisions in one dimension, Coefficient of Restitution and its determination, Collisions in Two Dimensions.

7) SYSTEMS OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION:

Introduction, What kind of motion can a rigid body have?, Centre of mass, Centre of Gravity, Motion of centre of mass, Linear momentum of a system of particles, Vector product of two vectors, Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity, Angular acceleration, Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis, Torque and angular momentum, Moment of force (Torque), Angular momentum of particle, Torque and angular momentum for a system of a particles, conservation of angular momentum, Equilibrium of a rigid body, Principle of moments, Moment of inertia, Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes, Theorem of perpendicular axes, Theorem of parallel axes, Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis, Angular momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Rolling motion, Kinetic Energy of Rolling Motion.

8) OSCILLATIONS:

Introduction, Periodic and oscillatory motions, Period and frequency, Displacement, Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.), Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion, Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion, Force law for Simple harmonic Motion, Energy in simple harmonic motion, Some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion, Oscillations due to a spring, The Simple Pendulum, Damped simple harmonic motion, Forced oscillations and resonance.

9) GRAVITATION:

Introduction, Keplers laws, Universal law of gravitation, The gravitational constant, Acceleration due to gravity of the earth, Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth, Gravitational potential energy, Escape speed, Earth satellite, Energy of an orbiting satellite, Geostationaryand polar satellites, Weightlessness.

10) MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS:

Introduction, Elastic behaviour of solids, Stress and strain, Hookes law, Stress-strain curve, Elastic moduli, Youngs Modulus, Determination of Youngs Modulus of the Material of a Wire, Shear Modulus, Bulk Modulus, Poissons Ratio, Applications of elastic behaviour of materials.

11) MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS:

Introduction, Pressure, Pascals Law, Variation of Pressure with Depth, Atmosphere Pressure and Gauge Pressure, Hydraulic Machines, Streamline flow, Bernoullis principle, Speed of Efflux: Torricellis Law, Venturi-meter, Blood Flow and Heart Attack, Dynamic Lift, Viscosity, Variation of Viscocity of fluids with temperature, Stokes Law, Reynolds number, Surface tension, Surface Energy, Surface Energy and Surface Tension, Angle of Contact, Drops and Bubbles, Capillary Rise, Detergents and Surface Tension.

12) THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER:

Introduction, Temperature and heat, Measurement of temperature, Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature, Thermal expansion, Specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, Change of state, Regelation, Latent Heat, Heat transfer, Conduction, thermal conductivity, Convection, Radiation, Black body Radiation, Greenhouse Effect, Newtons law of cooling,

13) THERMODYNAMICS:

Introduction, Thermal equilibrium, Zeroth law of thermodynamics, Heat, Internal Energy and work, First law of thermodynamics, Specific heat capacity, Thermodynamic state variables and equation of State, Thermodynamic process, Quasi-static Isothermal Process, Adiabatic Process, Isochoric Process, Cyclic process, Heat engines, Refrigerators and heat pumps, Second law of thermodynamics, Reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engine, Carnots theorem.

14) KINETIC THEORY:

Introduction, Molecular nature of matter, Behaviour of gases, Boyles Law, Charles Law, Kinetic theory of an ideal gas, Pressure of an Ideal Gas, Law of equipartition of energy, Specific heat capacity, Monatomic Gases, Diatomic Gases, Polyatomic Gases, Specific Heat Capacity of Solids, Specific Heat Capacity of Water, Mean free path.

15) WAVES:

Introduction, Transverse and longitudinal waves, Displacement relation in a progressive wave, The speed of a travelling wave, The principle of superposition of waves, Reflection of waves, Beats, Doppler effect.

16) RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS:

Introduction, Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors, Refraction, Total Internal Reflection, Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses, Refraction through a Prism, Dispersion by a Prism, Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight , Optical Instruments.

17) WAVE OPTICS:

Introduction, Huygens Principle, Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens Principle, Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves, Interference of Light Waves and Youngs Experiment, Diffraction, Polarisation.

18) ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS:

Introduction, Electric Charges, Conductors and Insulators, Charging by Induction, Basic Properties of Electric Charge, Coulombs Law, Forces between Multiple Charges, Electric Field, Electric Field Lines, Electric Flux, Electric Dipole, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Continuous Charge Distribution, Gausss Law, Application of Gausss Law.

19) ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE:

Introduction, Electrostatic Potential, Potential due to a Point Charge, Potential due to an Electric Dipole, Potential due to a System of Charges, Equipotential Surfaces, Potential Energy of a System of Charges, Potential Energy in an External Field, Electrostatics of Conductors, Dielectrics and Polarisation, Capacitors and Capacitance, The Parallel Plate Capacitor, Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance, Combination of Capacitors, Energy Stored in a Capacitor, Van de Graaff Generator.

20) CURRENT ELECTRICITY:

Introduction, Electric Current, Electric Currents in Conductors, Ohms law, Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity, Limitations of Ohms Law, Resistivity of various Materials, Temperature Dependence of Resistivity, Electrical Energy, Power, Combination of Resistors Series and Parallel, Cells, emf, Internal Resistance, Cells in Series and in Parallel, Kirchhoffs Laws, Wheatstone Bridge, Meter Bridge, Potentiomter.

21) MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM:

Introduction, Magnetic Force, Motion in a Magnetic Field, Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields, Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law, Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop, Amperes Circuital Law, The Solenoid and the Toroid, Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere, Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole, The Moving Coil Galvanometer.

22) MAGNETISM AND MATTER:

Introduction, The Bar Magnet, Magnetism and Gausss Law, The Earths Magnetism, Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity, Magnetic Properties of Materials, Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets.

23) ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION:

Introduction, The Experiments of Faraday and Henry, Magnetic Flux, Faradays Law of Induction, Lenzs Law and Conservation of Energy, Motional Electromotive Force, Energy Consideration: A Quantitative Study, Eddy Currents, Inductance, AC Generator.

24) ALTERNATING CURRENT:

Introduction, AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor, Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors — Phasors, AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor, AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor, AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit, Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor, LC Oscillations, Transformers.

25) ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES:

Introduction, Displacement Current, Electromagnetic Waves, Electromagnetic Spectrum.

26) DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER:

Introduction, Electron Emission, Photoelectric Effect, Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect, Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light, Einsteins Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation, Particle Nature of Light: The Photon, Wave Nature of Matter, Davisson and Germer Experiment.

27) ATOMS:

Introduction, Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherfords Nuclear Model of Atom, Atomic Spectra, Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom, The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom, DE Broglies Explanation of Bohrs Second Postulate of Quantisation.

28) NUCLEI:

Introduction, Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus, Size of the Nucleus, Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy, Nuclear Force, Radioactivity, Nuclear Energy.

29) SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS:

Introduction, Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors, Intrinsic Semiconductor, Extrinsic Semiconductor, p-n Junction, Semiconductor diode, Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier, Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes, Junction Transistor, Digital Electronics and Logic Gates, Integrated Circuits.

30) COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS:

Introduction, Elements of a Communication System, Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication Systems, Bandwidth of Signals, Bandwidth of Transmission Medium, Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves, Modulation and its Necessity, Amplitude Modulation, Production of Amplitude Modulated Wave, Detection of Amplitude Modulated Wave.

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AUEET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus

April 3rd, 2015 No comments

Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus 2015 – AUEET Maths Syllabus 2015

AUEET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus Andhra University AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Mathematics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Andhra University through AUEET 2015 Mathematics   Entrance Test and searching for AUEET 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the Andhra University Admission Department has Published AUEET 2015 Mathematics  \Syllabus. Students who applied and Interested to check AUEET 2015 Mathematics  Syllabus can check Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Maths Syllabus 2015.

AUEET Mathematics Syllabus 2015 includes Several Topics and Sub Topics. . Students has to Cover All Subjects, Topics and Sub Topics in AUEET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus in order to Crack AUEET 2015 Mathematics Entrance Test. 

AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus :

Click here to check : Andhra University – AUEET 2015 Syllabus

AUEET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus :

1) ALGEBRA :

a) Functions: Types of functions – Definitions – Inverse functions and Theorems – Domain, Range, Inverse of real valued functions.

b) Mathematical Induction : Principle of Mathematical Induction & Theorems – Applications of Mathematical Induction – Problems on divisibility.

c) Matrices: Types of matrices – Scalar multiple of a matrix and multiplication of matrices – Transpose of a matrix – Determinants – Adjoint and Inverse of a matrix – Consistency and inconsistency of Equations- Rank of a matrix – Solution of simultaneous linear equations.

d) Complex Numbers: Complex number as an ordered pair of real numbers- fundamental operations – Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib – Modulus and amplitude of complex numbers –Illustrations – Geometrical and Polar Representation of complex numbers in Argand plane- Argand diagram.

e) De Moivres Theorem: De Moivres theorem- Integral and Rational indices – nth roots of unity- Geometrical Interpretations – Illustrations.

f) Quadratic Expressions: Quadratic expressions, equations in one variable – Sign of quadratic expressions – Change in signs – Maximum and minimum values – Quadratic inequations.

g) Theory of Equations: The relation between the roots and coefficients in an equation – Solving the equations when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relation – Equation with real coefficients, occurrence of complex roots in conjugate pairs and its consequences – Transformation of equations – Reciprocal Equations.

h) Permutations and Combinations: Fundamental Principle of counting – linear and circular permutations – Permutations of n dissimilar things taken r at a time – Permutations when repetitions allowed – Circular permutations – Permutations with constraint repetitions – Combinations-definitions and certain theorems.

i) Binomial Theorem: Binomial theorem for positive integral index – Binomial theorem for rational Index (without proof) – Approximations using Binomial theorem. j) Partial fractions: Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains non –repeated linear factors – Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains repeated and/or nonrepeated linear factors – Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains irreducible factors.

2) TRIGONOMETRY:

a) Trigonometric Ratios upto Transformations : Graphs and Periodicity of Trigonometric functions – Trigonometric ratios and Compound angles – Trigonometric ratios of multiple and sub- multiple angles – Transformations – Sum and Product rules.

b) Trigonometric Equations: General Solution of Trigonometric Equations – Simple Trigonometric Equations – Solutions.

c) Inverse Trigonometric Functions: To reduce a Trigonometric Function into a bijection – Graphs of Inverse Trigonometric Functions – Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions.

d) Hyperbolic Functions: Definition of Hyperbolic Function – Graphs – Definition of Inverse Hyperbolic Functions – Graphs – Addition formulae of Hyperbolic Functions.

e) Propertiesf Triangles: Relation between sides and angles of a Triangle – Sine, Cosine, Tangent and Projection rules – Half angle formulae and areas of a triangle – Incircle and Excircle of a Triangle.

3) VECTOR ALGEBRA :

a) Addition of Vectors : Vectors as a triad of real numbers – Classification of vectors – Addition of vectors – Scalar multiplication – Angle between two non zero vectors – Linear combination of vectors – Component of a vector in three dimensions – Vector equations of line and plane including their Cartesian equivalent forms.

b) Product of Vectors : Scalar Product – Geometrical Interpretations – orthogonal projections – Properties of dot product – Expression of dot product in i, j, k system – Angle between two vectors – Geometrical Vector methods – Vector equations of plane in normal form – Angle between two planes – Vector product of two vectors and properties – Vector product in i, j, k system – Vector Areas – Scalar Triple Product – Vector equations of plane in different forms, skew lines, shortest distance and their Cartesian equivalents. Plane through the line of intersection of two planes, condition for coplanarity of two lines, perpendicular distance of a point from a plane, Angle between line and a plane. Cartesian equivalents of all these results – Vector Triple Product – Results.

4) PROBABILITY:

a) Measures of Dispersion – Range – Mean deviation – Variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data – Coefficient of variation and analysis of frequency distribution with equal means but different variances.

b) Probability : Random experiments and events – Classical definition of probability, Axiomatic approach and addition theorem of probability – Independent and dependent events – conditional probability- multiplication theorem and Bayees theorem.

c) Random Variables and Probability Distributions: Random Variables – Theoretical discrete distributions – Binomial and Poisson Distributions.

5) COORDINATE GEOMETRY:

a) Locus : Definition of locus – Illustrations – To find equations of locus – Problems connected to it.

b) Transformation of Axes : Transformation of axes – Rules, Derivations and Illustrations – Rotation of axes – Derivations – Illustrations.

c) The Straight Line : Revision of fundamental results – Straight line – Normal form – Illustrations – Straight line – Symmetric form – Straight line – Reduction into various forms – Intersection of two Straight Lines – Family of straight lines – Concurrent lines – Condition for Concurrent lines – Angle between two lines – Length of perpendicular from a point to a Line – Distance between two parallel lines – Concurrent lines – properties related to a triangle.

d) Pair of Straight lines: Equations of pair of lines passing through origin – angle between a pair of lines – Condition for perpendicular and coincident lines, bisectors of angles – Pair of bisectors of angles – Pair of lines – second degree general equation – Conditions for parallel lines – distance between them, Point of intersection of pair of lines – Homogenizing a second degree equation with a first degree equation in X and Y.

e) Circle : Equation of circle -standard form-centre and radius of a circle with a given line segment as diameter & equation of circle through three non collinear points – parametric equations of a circle – Position of a point in the plane of a circle – power of a point-definition of tangent-length of tangent – Position of a straight line in the plane of a circle- conditions for a line to be tangent – chord joining two points on a circle – equation of the tangent at a point on the circle- point of contact-equation of normal – Chord of contact – pole and polar-conjugate points and conjugate lines – equation of chord with given middle point – Relative position of two circles- circles touching each other externally, internally- common tangents –centers of similitude equation of pair of tangents from an external point.

f) System of circles: Angle between two intersecting circles – Radical axis of two circles- properties- Common chord and common tangent of two circles – radical centre – Intersectio n of a line and a Circle.

g) Parabola: Conic sections –Parabola- equation of parabola in standard form-different forms of parabola- parametric equations – Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the parabola ( Cartesian and parametric) – conditions for straight line to be a tangent.

h) Ellipse: Equation of ellipse in standard form- Parametric equations – Equation of tangent and normal at a point on the ellipse (Cartesian and parametric)- condition for a straight line to be a tangent.

i) Hyperbola: Equation of hyperbola in standard form- Parametri  equations – Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the hyperbola (Cartesian and parametric)- conditions for a straight line to be a tangent- Asymptotes.

j) Three Dimensional Coordinates : Coordinates – Section formulae – Centroid of a triangle and tetrahedron.

k) Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios : Direction Cosines – Direction Ratios. l) Plane : Cartesian equation of Plane – Simple Illustrations.

6) CALCULUS:

a) Limits and Continuity: Intervals and neighbourhoods – Limits – Standard Limits – Continuity.

b) Differentiation: Derivative of a function – Elementary Properties – Trigonometric, Inverse Trigonometric, Hyperbolic, Inverse Hyperbolic Function – Derivatives – Methods of Differentiation – Second Order Derivatives. c) Applications of Derivatives: Errors and approximations – Geometrical Interpretation of a derivative – Equations of tangents and normals – Lengths of tangent, normal, sub tangent and sub normal – Angles between two curves and condition for orthogonality of curves – Derivative as Rate of change – Rolles Theorem and Lagrange  Mean value theorem without proofs and their geometrical interpretation – Increasing and decreasing functions – Maxima and Minima.

d) Integration : Integration as the inverse process of differentiation- Standard forms -properties of integrals – Method of substitution- integration of Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions – Integration by parts – Integration- Partial fractions method – Reduction  formulae.

e) Definite Integrals: Definite Integral as the limit of sum – Interpretation of Definite Integral as an area – Fundamental theorem of Integral Calculus – Properties – Reduction formulae – Application of Definite integral to areas.

f) Differential equations: Formation of differential equation-Degree and order of an ordinary differential equation – Solving differential equation by i) Variables separable method, ii) Homogeneous differential equation, iii) Non – Homogeneous differential equation, iv) Linear differential equations.

Source : AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus

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AUEET 2015 Syllabus

April 3rd, 2015 No comments

Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Syllabus 2015 – AUEET Syllabus 2015

AUEET 2015 Syllabus Andhra University AUEET 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Andhra University through AUEET 2015 Entrance Test and searching for AUEET 2015 Syllabus are hereby informed that the Andhra University Admission Department has Published AUEET 2015 Syllabus. Students who applied and Interested to check AUEET 2015 Syllabus can check Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test Syllabus 2015.

AUEET Syllabus 2015 includes AUEET 2015 Physics Syllabus, AUEET 2015 Chemistry Syllabus and AUEET 2015 Mathematics Syllabus. Students who aspires to Crack AUEET 2015 Entrance Test has to Cover All Subjects, Topics and Sub Topics in AUEET 2015 Application Form in order to crack AUEET 2015 Entrance Test.

AUEET 2015 Syllabus:

AUEET 2015 Syllabus for Physics

AUEET 2015 Syllabus for Chemistry

AUEET 2015 Syllabus for Mathematics

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VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus

March 16th, 2015 No comments

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus – Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Physics Syllabus 2015

VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus VSAT 2015 Admission Test Physics Syllabus has been Published. All Students who are aspiring for Admission to B.Tech Engineering Programs in Vignan University and Searching for VSAT 2015 Physics Entrance Test Syllabus are hereby informed that the Vignan University Admission Department has Published VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus. Students who are searching for VSAT 2015 Test Physics Syllabus and interested to check VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus can check Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Physics Syllabus 2015.

VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Physics Syllabus includes Various Units, Topics and Sub Topics. Students who aspires to Crack VSAT 2015 Physics Entrance Test has to Cover all Units, Topics and Sub Topics

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Syllabus :

Vignan University Scholarship Aptitude Test Syllabus   VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus

Vignan University VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus :

Unit 1: Physical world

What is Physics? , Scope and excitement of physics, physics technology and society, fundamental forces in nature, Nature of physical laws

Units and Dimensions and Measurement

Units for fundamental and derived quantities, system of units, rules for writing units, multiple and submultiples units in S.I system, Accuracy and precision, errors, types of errors – random errors, gross errors, systematic errors, absolute errors, mean absolute error, relative error, percentage error, errors due to addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and powers of observed quantities, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional formulae, applications and limitations of dimensional analysis, significant figures

Vectors

Scalars and vectors, types of vectors – equal, null and unit vectors, position vector, parallelogram law of vectors – applications, Triangle of law of vectors – applications, expression for resultant vector, polygon law of vectors, concept of relative velocity – application to relative motion of a boat in a river, multiplication of vector with scalar product with examples, vector product with examples

Rotatory Motion

Basic concepts – angular displacement, angular velocity, angular acceleration, centripetal and centrifugal force applications, motion of a body in a vertical circle, concept of Torque and couple, Angular momentum, moment of Inertia – parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, M. I. of a thin rod, uniform disc, rectangular lamina, solid sphere, hollow sphere, circular ring, solid cylinder, hollow cylinder, law of conservation of angular momentum with       examples, rolling motion

Gravitation

Universal law of gravitation, nature of gravity, relation between g and G, Keplers laws,variation of acceleration due to gravity with altitude, depth, latitude and shape of the earth – inertial and non – inertial frames inertial and gravitational masses – escape velocity – orbital velocity – geostationary satellites and their uses

Unit 2: Kinematics

Motion in a straight line, uniform motion, uniformly accelerated motion using position – time, velocity – time graphs, and relations for uniformly accelerated motion – concept of acceleration due to gravity equations of motion of freely  falling body – vertically projected bodies from ground and tower. Motion in a plane with constant acceleration, projectiles oblique projection, horizontal projection from top of a tower – applications

Laws of motion (Dynamics)

Force and Inertia, Newtons first law of motion; momentum, Newtons second law of motion; Impulse, apparent weight, Newtons third law of motion; law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, equilibrium of a particle, At woods machine, objects suspended by strings, blocks placed in contact with each other on frictionless horizontal surface

Work, Power and Energy

Definitions and units of work – power – energy, work done by variable force, expressions for P.E. & K.E., work – energy theorem, law of conservation of energy examples

Collisions

Collisions in one dimension – elastic and inelastic collision, coefficient of restitution, equation for height attained by freely falling body after a number of rebounds on the floor, collisions in two Dimensions.

Centre of mass

Definition of centre of mass – examples – centre of gravity – co-ordinates of centre of mass, characteristics, centre of mass of rigid body with homogeneous distributions of mass – thin rod, circular ring, disc, sphere.

Friction

Types of friction – static, kinetic and rolling – causes of friction – methods to reduce friction – motion of a body on the rough horizontal surface – pushing and pulling of lawn roller – acceleration, velocity of a body sliding on smooth and rough inclined planes

Unit 3: Mechanical properties of solids

Stress – strain  Hooks law – modulii of elasticity (Y, n, K) poissons ratio – behaviour of a wire under increasing load, elastic fatigue, strain energy, Searls experiment, Determination of Youngs modulus of material of a wire, Applications of elastic behavior of materials.

Mechanical properties of fluids

Surface Tension

Surface tension – definition – examples, molecular theory – force due to surface tension – applications, surface energy, work done in splitting the liquid drop – applications, angle of contact, capillarity – example, experimental determination of surface tension by capillary rise method, excess pressure inside a liquid drop and soap bubble  applications

Fluid mechanics and viscosity

Principle of buoyancy – pressure energy in a fluid, Pascals law, variation of pressure with depth, atmospheric pressure and guage pressure, hydraulic machines , equation of continuity and Bernoullis theorem -applicationto aerodynamic lift and motion of spinning ball, Torricellis law, venture meter, Blood flow and heart attack, steam line flow – turbulent flows – characteristics of stream line flow – turbulent flow – Poisuilles equation – Stokes formula Terminal velocity-Reynolds number.

Unit 4:  Oscillations

Definitions and examples – displacement, velocity, acceleration, time period, frequency – time period of simple pendulum, spring pendulum, force constant, K.E. and P.E. of a body in SHM, systems executing S.H.M., DampedS.H.M

Wave motion and Sound waves

Types of waves; longitudinal and transverse, progressive wave and its equation, stationary wave and its equation, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, formation of stationary waves in stretched strings, laws of vibrating strings, sonometer, characteristics of sound, speed of sound in solids, liquids and gases, free and forced vibrations, resonance, standing waves in organ pipes – closed and open pipes (harmonics and overtones), Beats – definition and applications – Doppler effect – expressions for apparent frequency of sound in different cases – applications and limitation of Doppler effect – Echoes – absorption of sound waves – reverberation time.

Unit 5: Ray Optics

Reflection of light by spherical mirrors, Theories of light – Refraction of light at plane surface – prism – R.I. of – prism -critical angle – total internal reflection – application optical fibre – Lens makers formula – applications, lens theory, defects in images-spherical and chromatic aberrations and methods of their reduction – optical instruments simple and compound microscopes – astronomical and terrestrial telescopes – Ramsdens eyepiece- Huygens eye piece, kinds of spectra – emission, line, band and continuous spectra – absorption spectra – applications, fraunhoffer lines and their significance. Some natural phenomenon of sunlight

Physical Optics

Huygens principle Interference of light – coherent sources – conditions for interference, Youngs double slit experiment – fringe width – diffraction different classes of diffraction – Fresnels and Fraunhofers diffraction application – polarization – production of plane polarized light by reflection and refraction – double refraction Polaroids

Unit 6: Magnetism & Matter

Coulombs inverse square law, magnetic field, magnetic lines of force, uniform and non – uniform magnetic fields couple acting on a bar magnet, magnetic moment – Bon axial and equatorial lines – Tangent law – deflection.

magnetometer – comparison of magnetic moments in Tan A and Tan B, position in equal distance and null methods- verification of inverse square law  vibration magnetometer – experimental determination of M and BH – dia, para and ferromagnetic materials, properties and uses, Magnetism and Gausss law, Earths magnetism,Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Hysteresisgraph.

Electrostatics

Electric charge – properties, coulombs inverse square law – principle of superposition with examples – concept of electric – field electric lines of force and their properties – electric intensity – Intensity due to isolated charge and due to multiple charges, Electric dipole, Dipole in uniform external field – electrostatic potential, definition- potential due to point charge and group of charges – relation between V and E, electrostatic potential energy, electric flux, Gauss law-Applications of Gauss law to find electric intensity and potential due to continuous charge distribution of infinite wire and infinite plane sheet and spherical shell, potential due to electric dipole, Electrostatics of conductors, dielectrics and polarization, capacitance – dielectric constant – condenser-definition and its uses – parallel plate condenser – effect of dielectric on capacitance of capacitors, capacitors in series and parallel, energy stored in a capacitor – types of capacitors – their uses, Vande- Graff generator

Current Electricity

Electriccurrent,  driftvelocity,  mobility,  Ohms  law  and  applications,  resistance,  conductance,  specific resistance, specific conductance, variation of resistance and resistivity with temperature – thermostat – effective resistance in different cases, EMF of a cell electrical energy – electrical power and their units – Kirchoffs laws application to Wheatstone bridge – condition for balancing – metre bride – potentiometer applications.

Unit 7: Moving charges and magnetism

Oersteds experiment, different laws to determine the direction of magnetic field – Biot-Savarts law – Amperes law, solenoid and Toroid, magnetic field near a long straight conductor, circular coil – tangent galvanometer, force ona moving charge and current carrying conductor in a magnetic field – force between two straight and parallel conductors, Torque on current loop, magnetic dipole, Flemings left hand rule – working of moving coil galvanometer – conversion of MCG into ammeter and voltmeter

Electro magnetic induction

Electro magnetic induction, Experiments of Faraday & Henry, Faradays law, – Flemings right hand rule, Lenzs law, eddy currents, self inductance – mutual inductance – transformer – growth and decay of charge in C – R circuit connected to dc source – growth and decay of current in L – R circuit connected to dc source – time constant in C – R , L – R circuits significance, A.C generator.

Alternating currents

Instantaneous, peak mean and rms values of alternating current and alternating voltage applied to pure resistor, pure inductor, L – R, C – R and LCR circuits, power factor, LC oscillations.

Electro magnetic waves:-

Displacement current, Electro magnetic waves , Wlectro magnetic spectrum.

Unit 8: Dual nature of matter and radiation

Discovery of electron – specific charge of the electron by J.J. Thomsons method – Millikans oil drop experiment, photoelectric effect -laws of photoelectric effect – Einsteins photo electric equation – Millikans experimental verification of PEE, photo electric cells, de Broglies hypothesis – matter waves, wave nature of matter, Davisson and Germer experiment

Atoms

Alpha particals scattering and Rutherfords nuclear model of Atom, Atomic spectra, Bhors model of hydrogenatom, lines spectra of hydrogen atom, De Brogles explanation of Bhors second postulate of Quantization

Nuclei Nucleus and its composition, mass defect, binding energy, binding energy curve, natural radio activity α, β,γ rays-properties, radioactive decay law, half life and average life, nuclear forces and their properties  discovery of Neutron, radio isotopes and uses, artificial transmutation, nuclear fission, chain reaction, nuclear reactor, Nuclear fusion – energy of sun and stars (carbon – nitrogen cycle, proton – proton cycle).

Semiconductor Devices

Intrinsic & extrinsic semi conductors, p – type, n – type, P – N junction, junction diode, forward bias, reverse bias, current – voltage characteristics – rectifiers – Half wave and full wave rectifiers – zener diode as voltage regulator, transistor – PNP, NPN transistors and their working, V – I characteristics of transistor in CE configuration, Transistor as amplifier, digital electronics,   logic (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR) integrated circuits, special purpose PN junction diode.

Communication Systems

Elements of communication system (block diagrams), band width of signals (speech, TV and digital data) Band with of transmission medium,  propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation modulation, Amplitude modulation, production of amplitude modulated wave detection of amplitude modulated wave.

Unit 9:  Temperature and thermal expansion of Solids, Liquids and Gases

Thermal expansion of materials using potential energy curve (only qualitative treatment), coefficient of linear (a), area (b) and volume (r) expansions, the coefficients of real (rr) and apparent (ra) expansion of liquid, variation of density of solids and liquids with temperature, specific gravity bottle method for the determination of , anamalous expansion of water and its significance in nature, volume and pressure coefficients of gases-their relationship – Regnaults apparatus – Boyels law, Charles law – ideal gas equation – universal gas constant significance.

Thermodynamics

Heat – definition – calorie, thermal capacity, specific heat, latent heat – calorimetry – determination of specific heat and latent heat by method of mixtures – Joules law – first law and second law of thermodynamics, heat engine – refrigerator, phases of matter – triple point of water – specific heats of gases Cp, Cv and their relationship – Isothermal and adiabatic processes – relationships between P, V and T in adiabatic process – external work done by ideal gas in adiabatic, isothermal processes.

Transmission of heat

Conduction – coefficient of thermal conductivity – convection – free and forced convection – thermal radiation properties, provosts theory of heat exchange – emissive and absorptive power of bodies – black body radiation – kirchoffs law and its applications – Stefans law – Newtons law of cooling.

Kinetic Theory

Molecular nature of matter, Behaviour of gases, kinetic theory of an ideal gas, Law of equipartition  of energy, specific heat capacity, Mean free path.

Source : VSAT 2015 Physics Syllabus

For More Updates : VSAT 2015 Entrance Test Syllabus